Definition of extract verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    extract

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//ɪkˈstrækt//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɪkˈstrækt//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they extract
    BrE BrE//ɪkˈstrækt//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɪkˈstrækt//
     
    he / she / it extracts
    BrE BrE//ɪkˈstrækts//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɪkˈstrækts//
     
    past simple extracted
    BrE BrE//ɪkˈstræktɪd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɪkˈstræktɪd//
     
    past participle extracted
    BrE BrE//ɪkˈstræktɪd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɪkˈstræktɪd//
     
    -ing form extracting
    BrE BrE//ɪkˈstræktɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɪkˈstræktɪŋ//
     
     
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  1. 1extract something (from somebody/something) to remove or obtain a substance from something, for example by using an industrial or a chemical process a machine that extracts excess moisture from the air to extract essential oils from plants
  2. 2extract something (from somebody/something) to obtain information, money, etc., often by taking it from somebody who is unwilling to give it Journalists managed to extract all kinds of information about her private life.
  3. 3extract something (from somebody/something) to choose information, etc. from a book, a computer, etc. to be used for a particular purpose This article is extracted from his new book.
  4. 4extract something (from somebody/something) (formal or specialist) to take or pull something out, especially when this needs force or effort The dentist may decide that the wisdom teeth need to be extracted. He rifled through his briefcase and extracted a file. Wordfinderanaesthetic, cavity, check-up, crown, dentist, dentures, drill, extract, filling, hygienist
  5. 5extract something (from somebody/something) (formal) to get a particular feeling or quality from a situation synonym derive They are unlikely to extract much benefit from the trip. More Like This Pronunciation changes by part of speech abuse, alternate, advocate, approximate, contract, converse, convict, decrease, delegate, discount, duplicate, estimate, export, extract, graduate, import, intimate, moderate, object, permit, present, protest, record, refund, refuse, subject, suspect, survey, torment, upgradeSee worksheet.
  6. Word Origin late Middle English: from Latin extract- ‘drawn out’, from the verb extrahere, from ex- ‘out’ + trahere ‘draw’.Extra examples Animals take in food and extract nutrients from it. I tried extracting the rusty nails with a claw hammer. The Egyptians used a primitive form of distillation to extract the essential oils from plants. They developed a machine that can extract harmful gases from the air.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: extract

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