Definition of faction noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//ˈfækʃn//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈfækʃn//
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  1. 1[countable] a small group of people within a larger one whose members have some different aims and beliefs to those of the larger group rival factions within the administration CollocationsPoliticsPower create/​form/​be the leader of a political party gain/​take/​win/​lose/​regain control of Congress start/​spark/​lead/​be on the brink of a revolution be engaged/​locked in an internal power struggle lead/​form a rival/​breakaway faction seize/​take control of the government/​power bring down/​overthrow/​topple the government/​president/​regime abolish/​overthrow/​restore the monarchy establish/​install a military dictatorship/​a stable government be forced/​removed/​driven from office/​power resign/​step down as party leader/​an MP/​president/​prime minister enter/​retire from/​return to political lifePolitical debate spark/​provoke a heated/​hot/​intense/​lively debate engage in/​participate in/​contribute to (the) political/​public debate (on/​over something) get involved in/​feel excluded from the political process launch/​start/​lead/​spearhead a campaign/​movement join/​be linked with the peace/​anti-war/​feminist/​civil rights movement criticize/​speak out against/​challenge/​support the government lobby/​put pressure on the government (to do something) come under fire/​pressure from opposition partiesPolicy call for/​demand/​propose/​push for/​advocate democratic/​political/​land reform(s) formulate/​implement domestic economic policy change/​influence/​shape/​have an impact on government/​economic/​public policy be consistent with/​be in line with/​go against/​be opposed to government policy reform/​restructure/​modernize the tax system privatize/​improve/​deliver/​make cuts in public services invest (heavily) in/​spend something on schools/​education/​public services/(the) infrastructure nationalize the banks/​the oil industry promise/​propose/​deliver/​give ($80 billion in/​significant/​substantial/​massive) tax cuts a/​the budget is approved/ (especially North American English) passed by parliament/​congressMaking laws have a majority in/​have seats in Parliament/​Congress/​the Senate propose/​sponsor a bill/​legislation/​a resolution introduce/​bring in/​draw up/​draft/​adopt/​pass a bill/​a law/​legislation/​measures amend/​repeal an act/​a law/​legislation veto/​vote against/​oppose a bill/​legislation/​a measure/​a proposal/​a resolution get/​require/​be decided by a majority vote See related entries: Terrorism
  2. 2[uncountable] opposition, disagreement, etc. that exists between small groups of people within an organization or political party a party divided by faction and intrigue
  3. 3[uncountable] films/movies, books, etc. that combine fact with fiction (= imaginary events)
  4. Word Originsenses 1 to 2 late 15th cent. (denoting the action of doing or making something): via French from Latin factio(n-), from facere ‘do, make’. sense 3 1960s: blend of fact and fiction.Extra examples He brokered a ceasefire agreement between the warring factions. the dominant faction within the government the largest faction in the civil war There are rival factions within the administration.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: faction