Definition of fill verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//fɪl//
    ; NAmE NAmE//fɪl//
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they fill
    BrE BrE//fɪl//
    ; NAmE NAmE//fɪl//
    he / she / it fills
    BrE BrE//fɪlz//
    ; NAmE NAmE//fɪlz//
    past simple filled
    BrE BrE//fɪld//
    ; NAmE NAmE//fɪld//
    past participle filled
    BrE BrE//fɪld//
    ; NAmE NAmE//fɪld//
    -ing form filling
    BrE BrE//ˈfɪlɪŋ//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈfɪlɪŋ//
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    make full
  1. 1  [transitive, intransitive] to make something full of something; to become full of something fill something Please fill this glass for me. to fill a vacuum/void The school is filled to capacity. Smoke filled the room. The wind filled the sails. A Disney film can always fill cinemas (= attract a lot of people to see it). fill something with something to fill a hole with earth/a bucket with water fill something + adj. Fill a pan half full of water. fill (with something) The room was filling quickly. Her eyes suddenly filled with tears. The sails filled with wind.
  2. block hole
  3. 2  [transitive] fill something (with something) to block a hole with a substance The crack in the wall had been filled with plaster. I need to have two teeth filled (= to have fillings put in them). (figurative) The product has filled a gap in the market.
  4. with feeling
  5. 3  [transitive] fill somebody (with something) to make somebody have a strong feeling We were all filled with admiration for his achievements.
  6. with smell/sound/light
  7. 4  [transitive] fill something (with something) if a smell, sound or light fills a place, it is very strong, loud or bright and easy to notice
  8. -filled
  9. 5(in adjectives) full of the thing mentioned a smoke-filled room a fun-filled day
  10. a need
  11. 6[transitive] fill something to stop people from continuing to want or need something More nurseries will be built to fill the need for high-quality child care.
  12. job
  13. 7[transitive] fill something to do a job, have a role or position, etc. He fills the post satisfactorily (= performs his duties well). The team needs someone to fill the role of manager very soon.
  14. 8[transitive] fill something to appoint somebody to a job The vacancy has already been filled.
  15. time
  16. 9[transitive] fill something (up) to use up a particular period of time doing something How do you fill your day now that you've retired?
  17. with food
  18. 10[transitive] fill somebody/yourself (up) (with something) (informal) to make somebody/yourself feel unable to eat any more The kids filled themselves with snacks.
  19. an order
  20. 11[transitive] fill something if somebody fills an order or a prescription, they give the customer what they have asked for
  21. see also unfilled
    Word OriginOld English fyllan (verb), fyllu (noun) of Germanic origin; related to Dutch vullen and German füllen (verbs), Fülle (noun), also to full.Extra examples Fill the bucket with water. He seemed to fill the room with his presence. The drawers were all filled to the brim. The sails began to fill. The school is filled to capacity—we simply can’t take any more students. A Disney film can always fill cinemas. Carl took a mug and filled it to the brim with hot coffee. How do you fill your day now that you’ve retired? I needed extra coaching to fill the gaps in my grasp of the subject. More nurseries will be built to fill the need for high-quality childcare. She filled the kettle from the tap. She went for a walk to fill in the time before her next appointment. Work expands to fill the time available.Idioms to be what is needed in a particular situation or for a particular purpose On paper, several of the applicants fit the bill.
    fill your boots (informal)
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    used to invite somebody to take as much as they like of something such as food, drink, etc; help yourself
    fill somebody’s shoes/boots
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    to do somebody’s job in an acceptable way when they are not there
    Phrasal Verbsfill in (for somebody)fill somethinginfill somebody in (on something)fill outfill somethingoutfill up (with something)
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: fill