English

Definition of former adjective from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    former

     adjective
    adjective
    BrE BrE//ˈfɔːmə(r)//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈfɔːrmər//
     
    [only before noun]
     
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  1. 1  that existed in earlier times synonym past (3) in former times This beautiful old building has been restored to its former glory.
  2. 2  that used to have a particular position or status in the past synonym previous, one-time (1) the 41-year-old former world champion former South African president Nelson Mandela both current and former employees my former boss/colleague/wife the countries of the former Soviet Union former Portuguese colonies
  3. 3  the former… used to refer to the first of two things or people mentioned The former option would be much more sensible. compare latter
  4. Word Origin Middle English: from Old English forma ‘first’ + -er.Extra examples It is one of the countries of the former Soviet Union. She’s the former world champion. The historic quarter of the city has been restored to its former glory. This fine ruin was, in former times, a royal castle.Idioms
    be a shadow/ghost of your former self
     
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    to not have the strength, influence, etc. that you used to have When his career ended, he became a shadow of his former self.