Definition of gall noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//ɡɔːl//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɡɔːl//
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  1. 1rude behaviour showing a lack of respect that is surprising because the person behaving badly is not embarrassed synonym impudence Then they had the gall to complain! I almost admired the utter gall of the man.
  2. 2(formal) a bitter feeling full of hatred synonym resentment words full of venom and gall
  3. 3a swelling on plants and trees caused by insects, disease, etc.
  4. 4(old-fashioned) = bile
  5. Word Originnoun sense 1 and noun sense 4 Old English gealla (denoting bile), of Germanic origin; related to Dutch gal, German Galle ‘gall’, from an Indo-European root shared by Greek kholē and Latin fel ‘bile’. noun sense 2 Old English gealle ‘sore on a horse’, perhaps related to gall ‘rude behaviour’; superseded in Middle English by forms from Middle Low German or Middle Dutch. noun sense 3 Middle English: via Old French from Latin galla.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: gall

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