Definition of go verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//ɡəʊ//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɡoʊ//
    Been is used as the past participle of go when somebody has gone somewhere and come back.Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they go
    BrE BrE//ɡəʊ//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɡoʊ//
    he / she / it goes
    BrE BrE//ɡəʊz//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɡoʊz//
    past simple went
    BrE BrE//went//
    ; NAmE NAmE//went//
    past participle gone
    BrE BrE//ɡɒn//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɡɔːn//
    -ing form going
    BrE BrE//ˈɡəʊɪŋ//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈɡoʊɪŋ//
    Running a business
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  1. 1  [intransitive] to move or travel from one place to another + adv./prep. She went into her room and shut the door behind her. He goes to work by bus. I have to go to Rome on business. She has gone to China (= is now in China or is on her way there). She has been to China (= she went to China and has now returned). I think you should go to the doctor's. Are you going home for Christmas? go to do something She has gone to see her sister this weekend. In spoken English go can be used with and plus another verb to show purpose or to tell somebody what to do:I'll go and answer the door.Go and get me a drink! The and is sometimes left out, especially in North American English:Go ask your mom!
  2. 2  [intransitive] go (to something) (with somebody) to move or travel, especially with somebody else, to a particular place or in order to be present at an event Are you going to Dave's party? Who else is going? His dog goes everywhere with him.
  3. 3  [intransitive] to move or travel in a particular way or over a particular distance + adv./prep. He's going too fast. + noun We had gone about fifty miles when the car broke down.
  4. 4  [intransitive] go flying, skidding, etc. (+ adv./prep.) to move in a particular way or while doing something else The car went skidding off the road into a ditch. She went sobbing up the stairs. She crashed into a waiter and his tray of drinks went flying.
  5. leave
  6. 5  [intransitive] to leave one place in order to reach another synonym depart I must be going now. They came at six and went at nine. Has she gone yet? He's been gone an hour (= he left an hour ago). When does the train go?
  7. 6  [intransitive] go on something to leave a place and do something different to go on a journey/a tour/a trip/a cruise Richard has gone on leave for two weeks.
  8. visit/attend
  9. 7  [intransitive] go to something to visit or attend a place for a particular purpose (British English) I have to go to hospital for an operation. (North American English) I have to go to the hospital. to go to prison (= to be sent there as punishment for a crime) Do you go to church (= regularly attend church services)?
  10. 8to look at a particular page or website She went on Facebook and changed her relationship status. To find out what the terms mean, go to the glossary.
  11. swimming/fishing/jogging, etc.
  12. 9  [intransitive] go (for) something to leave a place or travel to a place in order to take part in an activity or a sport to go for a walk/drive/swim/run Shall we go for a drink (= at a pub or bar) after work? I have to go shopping this afternoon. We're going sailing on Saturday.
  13. be sent
  14. 10  [intransitive] (+ adv./prep.) to be sent or passed somewhere I want this memo to go to all managers.
  15. lead
  16. 11  [intransitive] go (from…) (to…) to lead or extend from one place to another I want a rope that will go from the top window to the ground. Where does this road go?
  17. place/space
  18. 12  [intransitive] + adv./prep. to have as a usual or correct position; to be placed This dictionary goes on the top shelf. Where do you want the piano to go (= be put)?
  19. 13  [intransitive] will/would not go (in/into something) used to say that something does/did not fit into a particular place or space My clothes won't all go in that one suitcase. He tried to push his hand through the gap but it wouldn't go.
  20. numbers
  21. 14[intransitive] if a number will go into another number, it is contained in that number an exact number of times (+ adj.) 3 into 12 goes 4 times. 7 into 15 won’t go. (North American English) 7 into 15 doesn’t go. go into something 7 won’t go into 15.
  22. progress
  23. 15  [intransitive] + adv./prep. used to talk about how well or badly something makes progress or succeeds ‘How did your interview go?’ ‘It went very well, thank you.’ Did everything go smoothly? How's it going (= is your life enjoyable, successful, etc. at the moment)? The way things are going the company will be bankrupt by the end of the year.
  24. state/condition
  25. 16  [intransitive] used in many expressions to show that somebody/something has reached a particular state/is no longer in a particular state go to/into something She went to sleep. go out of something That colour has gone out of fashion.
  26. 17  linking verb + adj. to become different in a particular way, especially a bad way to go bald/blind/mad/bankrupt, etc. Her hair is going grey. This milk has gone sour. The children went wild with excitement. Which Word?become / get / go / turnThese verbs are used frequently with the following adjectives: become involved/​clear/​accustomed/​pregnant/​extinct/​famous/​ill get used to/​better/​worse/​pregnant/​tired/​angry/​dark go wrong/​right/​bad/​white/​crazy/​bald/​blind turn blue/​sour/​bad/​red/​cold Become is more formal than get. Both describe changes in people’s emotional or physical state, or natural or social changes. Go is usually used for negative changes. Go and turn are both used for changes of colour. Turn is also used for changes in the weather. See related entries: Running a business
  27. 18[intransitive] + adj. to live or move around in a particular state to go naked/barefoot She cannot bear the thought of children going hungry.
  28. 19[intransitive] go unnoticed, unreported, etc. to not be noticed, reported, etc. Police are worried that many crimes go unreported.
  29. song/story
  30. 20[intransitive, transitive] used to talk about what tune or words a song or poem has or what happens in a story + adv./prep. How does that song go? I forget how the next line goes. go that… The story goes that she's been married five times.
  31. sound/movement
  32. 21  [intransitive] to make a particular sound or movement + noun The gun went ‘bang’. + adv./prep. She went like this with her hand.
  33. 22  [intransitive] to be sounded as a signal or warning The whistle went for the end of the game.
  34. say
  35. 23[transitive] + speech (informal) (used when telling a story) to say I asked ‘How much?’ and he goes, ‘Fifty’ and I go, ‘Fifty? You must be joking!’
  36. start
  37. 24[intransitive] to start an activity I'll say ‘One, two, three, go!’ as a signal for you to start. As soon as he gets here we're ready to go.
  38. machine
  39. 25  [intransitive] if a machine goes, it works This clock doesn't go.
  40. disappear
  41. 26  [intransitive] to stop existing; to be lost or stolen synonym disappear Has your headache gone yet? I left my bike outside the library and when I came out again it had gone.
  42. be thrown out
  43. 27[intransitive] somebody/something must/has to/can go used to talk about wanting to get rid of somebody/something The old sofa will have to go. He's useless—he'll have to go.
  44. not work
  45. 28[intransitive] to get worse; to become damaged or stop working correctly Her sight is beginning to go. His mind is going (= he is losing his mental powers). I was driving home when my brakes went.
  46. die
  47. 29[intransitive] to die. People say go to avoid saying die. You can't take your money with you when you go.
  48. money
  49. 30[intransitive] when money goes, it is spent or used for something I don't know where the money goes! go on something Most of my salary goes on the rent. go to do something The money will go to finance a new community centre.
  50. 31[intransitive] go (to somebody) (for something) to be sold We won't let the house go for less than $200 000. There was usually some bread going cheap (= being sold cheaply) at the end of the day.
  51. 32[intransitive] + adv./prep. to be willing to pay a particular amount of money for something He's offered £3 000 for the car and I don't think he'll go any higher. I'll go to $1 000 but that's my limit.
  52. help
  53. 33[intransitive] go to do something to help; to play a part in doing something This all goes to prove my theory. It (= what has just happened) just goes to show you can't always tell how people are going to react.
  54. be available
  55. 34be going [intransitive] (informal) to be available There just aren't any jobs going in this area.
  56. time
  57. 35  [intransitive] + adv./prep. used to talk about how quickly or slowly time seems to pass Hasn't the time gone quickly? Half an hour went past while we were sitting there.
  58. use toilet
  59. 36[intransitive] (informal) to use a toilet Do you need to go, Billy?
  60. Word OriginOld English gān, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch gaan and German gehen; the form went was originally the past tense of wend.Extra examples I can’t believe I’m going bald—I’m only thirty! She went bright red with embarrassment. This milk has gone sour. Everything went very smoothly. He goes on endlessly about his health problems. Leeks and potatoes go well together in a soup. Stop going on at me about that money. That tie goes well with that shirt. The cruise went very quickly. The days seemed to go by very slowly. The flight just seemed to go on and on. The novel went down well with the public. We’ll go on with the presentations after lunch. ‘How did your interview go?’ ‘It went very well, thank you.’ After they’d gone there was an awkward silence. Are you going home for New Year? Are you going to Dave’s party? Could you go and get me a towel? Don’t go—I want to talk to you. Go get me a towel. He was going to a concert that evening and invited her to go with him. He’s been gone an hour. Here’s a list of things to remember before you go. How’s it going? I slipped and the tray I was carrying went flying. I think you should go to the doctor’s. I usually go to work by bus. I’m going to Spain this year. Is your partner going with you? It’s a long way to go just to see a couple of reefs. She has gone to China. She’s gone to Brazil on vacation. She’s gone to see her sister. Slow down—you’re going too fast. The car went skidding off the road. The train goes in a few minutes’ time. The way things are going the company will be bankrupt by the end of the year. The weather was pretty bad when we went to Boston last year. There was usually some bread going cheap at the end of the day. They went at about nine o’clock. Those colours don’t really go (together). We had gone many miles without seeing another car. We won’t let the house go for less than £200 000. What makes it go? What time did they go? to go on a journey/​tour/​trip/​cruise to go on holiday/​vacationIdioms Most idioms containing go are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for example go it alone is at alone.  (informal) anything that somebody says or does is accepted or allowed, however shocking or unusual it may be Almost anything goes these days.
    as people, things, etc. go
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    in comparison with the average person, thing, etc. As teachers go, he's not bad.
    be going on (for) something
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    (British English) to be nearly a particular age, time or number It was going on (for) midnight.
      be going to do something
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    1. 1  used to show what somebody intends to do in the future We're going to buy a house when we've saved enough money.
    2. 2  used to show that something is likely to happen very soon or in the future I think I'm going to faint. If the drought continues there's going to be a famine.
    don’t go doing something
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    (informal) used to tell or warn somebody not to do something Don't go getting yourself into trouble.
    enough/something to be going on with
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    (British English) something that is enough for a short time £50 should be enough to be going on with.
    go all out for something, go all out to do something
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    to make a very great effort to get something or do something
    used to show that you are angry or annoyed that somebody has done something stupid Trust him to go and mess things up! Why did you have to go and upset your mother like that? You've really gone and done it (= done something very stupid) now! (British English, informal) to suddenly become very angry Now and again she really goes off on one. See related entries: Anger (old-fashioned) used to express the fact that you do not believe something, or that you disapprove of something Go on with you—you’re never forty. You don’t look a day over thirty.
    (have) a lot, nothing, etc. going for you
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    (to have) many/not many advantages You're young, intelligent, attractive—you have a lot going for you!
    (informal) not possible or allowed If the bank won't lend us the money it's no go, I'm afraid. see also no-go area (informal) used to say that you do not want to talk about something in any more detail because you do not even want to think about it Don't ask me to choose. I don't want to go there. ‘There was a problem with his parents, wasn't there?’ ‘Don't even go there!’
    1. 1remaining; still left I only have one exam to go.
    2. 2(North American English, informal) if you buy cooked food to go in a restaurant or shop/store, you buy it to take away and eat somewhere else Two pizzas to go. See related entries: Dining out
      what goes around comes around (saying)
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    1. 1the way somebody behaves towards other people will affect the way those people behave towards them in the future
    2. 2something that is not fashionable now will become fashionable again in the future
    where does somebody go from here?
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    used to ask what action somebody should take, especially in order to improve the difficult situation that they are in
    used by a soldier who is guarding a place to order somebody to say who they are Halt, who goes there?
    Phrasal Verbsgo aboutgo about somethinggo about somethinggo after somebodygo after somebodygo against somebodygo against somebodygo against somethinggo aheadgo ahead (with something)go alonggo along with somebodygo at somebodygo at somethinggo awaygo backgo back (to…)go back (to something)go back on somethinggo back to somethinggo beforego before somebodygo beyond somethinggo bygo by somethinggo downgo down (from…)go down (in something)go down (on somebody)go down (to somebody)go down (to…) (from…)go down (with somebody)go down with somethinggo for somebodygo for somebodygo for somethinggo ingo in for somethinggo into somethinggo in with somebodygo offgo off (on somebody)go off somebodygo off with somebodygo off with somethinggo ongo on (ahead)go on somethinggo ongo on (at somebody)go on (with something)go on doing somethinggo on to somethinggo on to do somethinggo outgo out (of something)go out of somebodygo out to somebodygo out with somebodygo over somethinggo over (to…)go over (with somebody)go over to somebodygo over to somethinggo roundgo roundgo roundgo round (to…)go throughgo through somethinggo through with somethinggo to somebodygo togethergo towards somethinggo undergo upgo up (to…)go up (to…) (from…)go with somebodygo with somethinggo without (something)
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: go