ɡəʊz ; ɡoʊzwent
went ; wentgone
ɡɒn ; ɡɔːn
HelpBeen is used as the past participle of go when somebody has gone somewhere and come back.
move/travel1 [intransitive] to move or travel from one place to another+ adverb/preposition She went into her room and shut the door behind her.He goes to work by bus.I have to go to Rome on business.She has gone to China (= is now in China or is on her way there).She has been to China (= she went to China and has now returned).I think you should go to the doctor's.Are you going home for Christmas?go to do something She has gone to see her sister this weekend.
HelpIn spoken English go can be used with and plus another verb to show purpose or to tell somebody what to do:
;I'll go and answer the door.
;Go and get me a drink! The and is sometimes left out, especially in North American English:
;Go ask your mom!2 [intransitive] go (to something) (with somebody) to move or travel, especially with somebody else, to a particular place or in order to be present at an eventAre you going to Dave's party?Who else is going?His dog goes everywhere with him.3 [intransitive] to move or travel in a particular way or over a particular distance+ adverb/preposition He's going too fast.+ noun We had gone about fifty miles when the car broke down.4 [intransitive] go flying, skidding, etc. (+ adverb/preposition) to move in a particular way or while doing something elseThe car went skidding off the road into a ditch.She went sobbing up the stairs.She crashed into a waiter and his tray of drinks went flying.
leave5 [intransitive] to leave one place in order to reach another
SynonymdepartI must be going now.They came at six and went at nine.Has she gone yet?He's been gone an hour (= he left an hour ago).When does the train go?6 [intransitive] go on something to leave a place and do something differentto go on a journey/a tour/a trip/a cruiseRichard has gone on leave for two weeks.
visit/attend7 [intransitive] go to something to visit or attend a place for a particular purpose: (British English) I have to go to hospital for an operation. (North American English) I have to go to the hospital.to go to prison (= to be sent there as punishment for a crime)Do you go to church (= regularly attend church services)?
swimming/fishing/jogging, etc.8 [intransitive] go (for) something to leave a place or travel to a place in order to take part in an activity or a sportto go for a walk/drive/swim/runShall we go for a drink (= at a pub or bar) after work?I have to go shopping this afternoon.We're going sailing on Saturday.
be sent9 [intransitive] (+ adverb/preposition) to be sent or passed somewhereI want this memo to go to all managers.
lead10 [intransitive] go (from…) (to…) to lead or extend from one place to anotherI want a rope that will go from the top window to the ground.Where does this road go?
place/space11 [intransitive] + adverb/preposition to have as a usual or correct position; to be placedThis dictionary goes on the top shelf.Where do you want the piano to go (= be put)?12 [intransitive] will/would not go (in/into something) used to say that something does/did not fit into a particular place or spaceMy clothes won't all go in that one suitcase.He tried to push his hand through the gap but it wouldn't go.
numbers13 [intransitive] if a number will go into another number, it is contained in that number an exact number of times(+ adjective) 3 into 12 goes 4 times.7 into 15 won't go. (North American English) 7 into 15 doesn't go.go into something 7 won't go into 15.
progress14 [intransitive] + adverb/preposition used to talk about how well or badly something makes progress or succeeds‘How did your interview go?’ ‘It went very well, thank you.’Did everything go smoothly?How's it going (= is your life enjoyable, successful, etc. at the moment)?The way things are going the company will be bankrupt by the end of the year.
state/condition15 [intransitive] used in many expressions to show that somebody/something has reached a particular state/is no longer in a particular statego to/into something She went to sleep.go out of something That colour has gone out of fashion.16 linking verb + adjective to become different in a particular way, especially a bad wayto go bald/blind/mad/bankrupt, etc.Her hair is going grey.This milk has gone sour.The children went wild with excitement.17 [intransitive] + adjective to live or move around in a particular stateto go naked/barefootShe cannot bear the thought of children going hungry.18 [intransitive] go unnoticed, unreported, etc. to not be noticed, reported, etcPolice are worried that many crimes go unreported.
song/story19 [intransitive, transitive] used to talk about what tune or words a song or poem has or what happens in a story+ adverb/preposition How does that song go?I forget how the next line goes.go that… The story goes that she's been married five times.
sound/movement20 [intransitive] to make a particular sound or movement+ noun The gun went ‘bang’.+ adverb/preposition She went like this with her hand.21 [intransitive] to be sounded as a signal or warningThe whistle went for the end of the game.
say22 [transitive] + speech (informal) (used when telling a story) to sayI asked ‘How much?’ and he goes, ‘Fifty’ and I go, ‘Fifty? You must be joking!’
start23 [intransitive] to start an activityI'll say ‘One, two, three, go!’ as a signal for you to start.As soon as he gets here we're ready to go.
machine24 [intransitive] if a machine goes, it worksThis clock doesn't go.
disappear25 [intransitive] to stop existing; to be lost or stolen
SynonymdisappearHas your headache gone yet?I left my bike outside the library and when I came out again it had gone.
be thrown out26 [intransitive] somebody/something must/has to/can go used to talk about wanting to get rid of somebody/somethingThe old sofa will have to go.He's useless—he'll have to go.
not work27 [intransitive] to get worse; to become damaged or stop working correctlyHer sight is beginning to go.His mind is going (= he is losing his mental powers).I was driving home when my brakes went.
die28 [intransitive] to die. People say ‘go’ to avoid saying ‘die’You can't take your money with you when you go.
money29 [intransitive] when money goes, it is spent or used for somethingI don't know where the money goes!go on something Most of my salary goes on the rent.go to do something The money will go to finance a new community centre.30 [intransitive] go (to somebody) (for something) to be soldWe won't let the house go for less than $200000.There was usually some bread going cheap(= being sold cheaply) at the end of the day.31 [intransitive] + adverb/preposition to be willing to pay a particular amount of money for somethingHe's offered £3000 for the car and I don't think he'll go any higher.I'll go to $1000 but that's my limit.
help32 [intransitive] go to do something to help; to play a part in doing somethingThis all goes to prove my theory.It (= what has just happened)just goes to show you can't always tell how people are going to react.
be available33 be going [intransitive] (informal) to be availableThere just aren't any jobs going in this area.
time34 [intransitive] + adverb/preposition used to talk about how quickly or slowly time seems to passHasn't the time gone quickly?Half an hour went past while we were sitting there.
use toilet35 [intransitive] (informal) to use a toiletDo you need to go, Billy?
Most idioms containing go are at the entries for the nouns and adjectives in the idioms, for example go it alone is at alone.
anything goes(informal) anything that somebody says or does is accepted or allowed, however shocking or unusual it may beAlmost anything goes these days.
as people, things, etc. go
in comparison with the average person, thing, etcAs teachers go, he's not bad.
be going on (for) something(British English) to be nearly a particular age, time or numberIt was going on (for) midnight.
be going to do something1 used to show what somebody intends to do in the futureWe're going to buy a house when we've saved enough money.2 used to show that something is likely to happen very soon or in the futureI think I'm going to faint.If the drought continues there's going to be a famine.
don't go doing something(informal) used to tell or warn somebody not to do somethingDon't go getting yourself into trouble.
enough/something to be going on with(British English) something that is enough for a short time£50 should be enough to be going on with.
go all out for something|
go all out to do something
to make a very great effort to get something or do something
go and do something
used to show that you are angry or annoyed that somebody has done something stupidTrust him to go and mess things up!Why did you have to go and upset your mother like that?You've really gone and done it(= done something very stupid) now!
go off on one(British English, informal) to suddenly become very angryNow and again she really goes off on one.
go on (with you)(old-fashioned) used to express the fact that you do not believe something, or that you disapprove of somethingGo on with you—you're never forty. You don't look a day over thirty.
(have) a lot, nothing, etc. going for you
(to have) many/not many advantagesYou're young, intelligent, attractive—you have a lot going for you!
no go(informal) not possible or allowedIf the bank won't lend us the money it's no go, I'm afraid. see also no-go area
not (even) go there(informal) used to say that you do not want to talk about something in any more detail because you do not even want to think about itDon't ask me to choose. I don't want to go there.‘There was a problem with his parents, wasn't there?’ ‘Don't even go there!’
to go1 remaining; still leftI only have one exam to go.2 (North American English, informal) if you buy cooked food to go in a restaurant or shop/store, you buy it to take away and eat somewhere elseTwo pizzas to go.
what goes around comes around(saying)1 the way somebody behaves towards other people will affect the way those people behave towards them in the future2 something that is not fashionable now will become fashionable again in the future
where does somebody go from here?
used to ask what action somebody should take, especially in order to improve the difficult situation that they are in
who goes there?
used by a soldier who is guarding a place to order somebody to say who they areHalt, who goes there?
go about(British English) = go around
go about somethingto continue to do something; to keep busy with somethingDespite the threat of war, people went about their business as usual.
go about somethingto start working on something
SynonymtackleYou're not going about the job in the right way.go about doing something How should I go about finding a job?
go after somebodyto chase or follow somebodyHe went after the burglars.She left the room in tears so I went after her.
go after somebody/somethingto try to get somebody/somethingWe're both going after the same job.
go against somebodyto not be in somebody's favour or not to their advantageThe jury's verdict went against him.
go against somebody/somethingto resist or oppose somebody/somethingHe would not go against his parents' wishes.
go against somethingto be opposed to something; to not fit or agree with somethingPaying for hospital treatment goes against her principles.His thinking goes against all logic.
go ahead1 to travel in front of other people in your group and arrive before themI'll go ahead and tell them you're on the way.2 to happen; to be done
SynonymproceedThe building of the new bridge will go ahead as planned. related noun go-ahead
go ahead (with something)to begin to do something, especially when somebody has given permission or has expressed doubts or opposition‘May I start now?’ ‘Yes, go ahead.’The government intends to go ahead with its tax cutting plans
go along1 to continue with an activityHe made up the story as he went along.2 to make progress; to developThings are going along nicely.
go along with somebody/somethingto agree with somebody/somethingI don't go along with her views on private medicine.
go around/round1 to spin or turnto go round in a circle2 to be enough for everyone to have one or someThere aren't enough chairs to go around.3 (British English also go about) to often be in a particular state or behave in a particular wayShe often goes around barefoot.go around/round doing something It's unprofessional to go round criticizing your colleagues.4 to spread from person to personThere's a rumour going around that they're having an affair.
go around/round (to…)to visit somebody or a place that is nearI went round to the post office.I'm going around to my sister's (= her house) later.
go at somebodyto attack somebodyThey went at each other furiously.
go at somethingto make great efforts to do something; to work hard at somethingThey went at the job as if their lives depended on it.
go away1 to leave a person or placeJust go away!Go away and think about it, then let me know.2 to leave home for a period of time, especially for a holiday/vacationThey've gone away for a few days.I'm going away on business.3 to disappearThe smell still hasn't gone away.
go backif two people go back a period of time (usually a long time), they have known each other for that timeDave and I go back twenty years.
go back (to…)to return to a placeShe doesn't want to go back to her husband (= to live with him again).This toaster will have to go back (= be taken back to the shop/store where it was bought) —it's faulty.Of course we want to go back some day—it's our country, our real home.
go back (to something)1 to consider something that happened or was said at an earlier timeCan I go back to what you said at the beginning of the meeting?Once you have made this decision, there will be no going back(= you will not be able to change your mind).2 to have existed since a particular time or for a particular periodTheir family goes back to the time of the Pilgrim Fathers.
go back on somethingto fail to keep a promise; to change your mind about somethingHe never goes back on his word(= never fails to do what he has said he will do).
go back to somethingto start doing something again that you had stopped doingThe kids go back to school next week.go back to something doing something She's decided to go back to teaching.
go beforeto exist or happen in an earlier timeThe present crisis is worse than any that have gone before.
go before somebody/somethingto be presented to somebody/something for discussion, decision or judgementMy application goes before the planning committee next week.
go beyond somethingto be more than something
SynonymexceedThis year's sales figures go beyond all our expectations (= are much better than we thought they would be).
go by(of time) to passThings will get easier as time goes by.The weeks went slowly by.
go by somethingto be guided by something; to form an opinion from somethingThat's a good rule to go by.If past experience is anything to go by, they'll be late.
go down1 to fall to the groundShe tripped and went down with a bump.2 if a ship, etc.goes down, it disappears below the water
Synonymsink3 when the sun or moon goes down, it disappears below the horizon
Synonymset4 if food or drink will/will not go down, it is easy/difficult to swallowA glass of wine would go down very nicely (= I would very much like one).5 if the price of something, the temperature, etc.goes down, it becomes lower
SynonymfallThe price of oil is going down.Oil is going down in price.
Oppositego up6 (informal) to get worse in qualityThe neighbourhood has gone down a lot recently.7 (computing) to stop working temporarilyThe system is going down in ten minutes.8 (North American English, informal) to happenYou really don't know what's going down?
go down (from…)(British English, formal) to leave a university, especially Oxford or Cambridge, at the end of a term or after finishing your studiesShe went down (from Cambridge) in 2008.
Oppositego up (to…)
go down (in something)to be written in something; to be recorded or remembered in somethingIt all goes down (= she writes it all) in her notebook.He will go down in history as a great statesman.
go down (on somebody)(slang) to perform oral sex on somebody (= to use the mouth to give somebody sexual pleasure)
go down (to somebody)to be defeated by somebody, especially in a game or competitionItaly went down to Brazil by three goals to one.
go down (to…) (from…)to go from one place to another, especially further south or from a city or large town to a smaller placeThey've gone down to Brighton for a couple of days.
go down (with somebody)to be received in a particular way by somebodyThe suggestion didn't go down very well with her boss.
go down with something(especially British English) to become ill/sick with something
SynonymcatchOur youngest boy has gone down with chickenpox.
go for somebodyto attack somebodyShe went for him with a knife.
go for somebody/something1 to apply to somebody/somethingWhat I said about Peter goes for you, too.They have a high level of unemployment—but the same goes for many other countries.2 to go to a place and bring somebody/something backShe's gone for some milk.3 (informal) to be attracted by somebody/something; to like or prefer somebody/somethingShe goes for tall slim men.I don't really go for modern art.
go for something1 to choose somethingI think I'll go for the fruit salad.2 to put a lot of effort into something, so that you get or achieve somethingGo for it, John! You know you can beat him.It sounds a great idea.Go for it!
go in1 to enter a room, house, etcLet's go in, it's getting cold.2 if the sun or moon goes in, it disappears behind a cloud
go in for something1 (British English) to take an exam or enter a competitionShe's going in for the Cambridge First Certificate.2 to have something as an interest or a hobbyShe doesn't go in for team sports.
go in with somebodyto join somebody in starting a businessMy brothers are opening a garage and they want me to go in with them.
go into something1 (of a vehicle) to hit something violentlyThe car skidded and went into a tree.2 (of a vehicle or driver) to start moving in a particular wayThe plane went into a nosedive.3 to join an organization, especially in order to have a career in itto go into the Army/the Church/Parliamentto go into teaching4 to begin to do something or behave in a particular wayHe went into a long explanation of the affair.5 to examine something carefullyWe need to go into the question of costs.6 (of money, time, effort, etc.) to be spent on something or used to do somethingMore government money needs to go into the project.go into something doing something Years of work went into researching the book.
go off1 to leave a place, especially in order to do somethingShe went off to get a drink.2 to be fired; to explodeThe gun went off by accident.The bomb went off in a crowded street.3 if an alarm, etc.goes off, it makes a sudden loud noise4 if a light, the electricity, etc.goes off, it stops workingSuddenly the lights went off.The heating goes off at night.
Oppositego on5 (British English, informal) to fall asleepHasn't the baby gone off yet?6 (British English) if food or drink goes off, it becomes bad and not fit to eat or drink7 (British English) to get worse in qualityHer books have gone off in recent years.8 to happen in a particular wayThe meeting went off well.
go off (on somebody)(North American English, informal) to suddenly become angry with somebodyHe just went off on her and started yelling.
go off somebody/something(British English, informal) to stop liking somebody/something or lose interest in themJane seems to be going off Paul.I've gone off beer.
go off with somebodyto leave your husband, wife, partner, etc. in order to have a relationship with somebody elseHe went off with his best friend's wife.
go off with somethingto take away from a place something that does not belong to youHe went off with $10000 of the company's money.
go on1 when a performer goes on, they begin their performanceShe doesn't go on until Act 2.2 (in sport) to join a team as a substitute during a gameWalcott went on in place of Rooney just before half-time.3 when a light, the electricity, etc.goes on, it starts to workSuddenly all the lights went on.
Oppositego off4 (of time) to passShe became more and more talkative as the evening went on.5 usually be going on to happenWhat's going on here?6 if a situation goes on, it continues without changingThis cannot be allowed to go on.How much longer will this hot weather go on for?We can't go on like this—we seem to be always arguing.7 to continue speaking, often after a short pauseShe hesitated for a moment and then went on.+ speech ‘You know,’ he went on, ‘I think my brother could help you.’8 used to encourage somebody to do somethingGo on! Have another drink!Go on—jump!
go on (ahead)to travel in front of somebody elseYou go on ahead—I'll catch you up in a few minutes.
go on something(used in negative sentences and questions) to base an opinion or a judgement on somethingThe police don't have much to go on.
go on (about somebody/something)(informal) to talk about somebody/something for a long time, especially in a boring or complaining wayHe went on and on about how poor he was.She does go on sometimes!
go on (at somebody)(informal, especially British English) to complain to somebody about their behaviour, work, etc.
SynonymcriticizeShe goes on at him continually.
go on (with something)to continue an activity, especially after a pause or breakThat's enough for now—let's go on with it tomorrow.
go on doing somethingto continue an activity without stoppingHe said nothing but just went on working.
go on to somethingto pass from one item to the nextLet's go on to the next item on the agenda.
go on to do somethingto do something after completing something elseThe book goes on to describe his experiences in the army.After her early teaching career she went on to become a doctor.
go out1 to leave your house to go to a social eventShe goes out a lot.go out doing something He goes out drinking most evenings.2 when the tide goes out, it moves away from the land
Oppositecome in3 to be sentHave the invitations gone out yet?4 (British English) when a radio or television programme goes out, it is broadcast5 when news or information goes out, it is announced or publishedgo that… Word went out that the director had resigned6 if a fire or light goes out, it stops burning or shining
go out (of something)1 to fail to reach the next stage of a competition, etcShe went out of the tournament in the first round.2 to be no longer fashionable or generally usedThose skirts went out years ago.
go out of somebody/something(of a quality or a feeling) to be no longer present in somebody/something; to disappear from somebody/somethingAll the fight seemed to go out of him.The heat has gone out of the argument.
go out to somebodyif your thoughts, etc.go out to somebody, you think about them in a kind way and hope that the difficult situation that they are in will get better
go out with somebody|
go out (together)(especially of young people) to spend time with somebody and have a romantic or sexual relationship with themTom has been going out with Lucy for six weeks.How long have Tom and Lucy been going out together?
go over something1 to examine or check something carefullyGo over your work before you hand it in.2 to study something carefully, especially by repeating itHe went over the events of the day in his mind (= thought about them carefully).
go over (to…)to move from one place to another, especially when this means crossing something such as a room, town or cityHe went over and shook hands with his guests.Many Irish people went over to America during the famine.
go over to somebody/something(in broadcasting) to change to a different person or place for the next part of a broadcastWe are now going over to the news desk for an important announcement.
go over to somethingto change from one side, opinion, habit, etc. to anotherTwo Conservative MPs have gone over to the Liberal Democrats.
go over (with somebody)(North American English) to be received in a particular way by somebodyThe news of her promotion went over well with her colleagues.
go round= go around
go round (to…)= go around (to…)
go throughif a law, contract, etc.goes through, it is officially accepted or completedThe deal did not go through.
go through something1 to look at or examine something carefully, especially in order to find somethingI always start the day by going through my email.She went through the company's accounts, looking for evidence of fraud.2 to study or consider something in detail, especially by repeating itLet's go through the arguments again.Could we go through (= practise) Act 2 once more?3 to perform a series of actions; to follow a method or procedureCertain formalities have to be gone through before you can emigrate.4 to experience or suffer somethingShe's been going through a bad patch recently.He's amazingly cheerful considering all he's had to go through.5 to use up or finish something completelyThe boys went through two whole loaves of bread.
go through with somethingto do what is necessary to complete a course of action, especially one that is difficult or unpleasantShe decided not to go through with (= not to have) the operation.
go to somebody/somethingto be given to somebody/somethingProceeds from the concert will go to charity.All her property went to her eldest son (= when she died).
go together= go with something
go towards somethingto be used as part of the payment for somethingThe money will go towards a new car.go towards doing something Part of my pay cheque went towards buying an MP3 player.
go under1 (of something that floats) to sink below the surface2 (informal) to become bankrupt (= be unable to pay what you owe)The firm will go under unless business improves.
go up1 to be builtNew office buildings are going up everywhere.2 when the curtain across the stage in a theatre goes up, it is raised or opened3 to be destroyed by fire or an explosionThe whole building went up in flames.4 if the price of something, the temperature, etc.goes up, it becomes higher
SynonymriseThe price of cigarettes is going up.Cigarettes are going up in price.
go up (to…)(British English, formal) to arrive at a university, especially Oxford or Cambridge, at the beginning of a term or in order to begin your studiesShe went up (to Oxford) in 2008.
Oppositego down (from…)
go up (to…) (from…)to go from one place to another, especially further north or to a city or large town from a smaller placeWhen are you next going up to Scotland?We went up to London last weekend.
go with somebody1 (old-fashioned, informal) to have a sexual or romantic relationship with somebody2 (informal) to have sex with somebody
go with something1 to be included with or as part of somethingA car goes with the job.2 to agree to accept something, for example a plan or an offerYou're offering £500? I think we can go with that.3 (also go (together)) to combine well with something
SynonymmatchDoes this jacket go with this skirt?Those colours don't really go (together).4 (also go together) to exist at the same time or in the same place as something; to be found togetherDisease often goes with poverty.Disease and poverty often go together.
Usage note: agreeaccept approve go along with somebody/something consentThese words all mean to say that you will do what somebody wants or that you will allow something to happen.agree to say that you will do what somebody wants or that you will allow something to happen:He agreed to let me go early.accept to be satisfied with something that has been done, decided or suggested:They accepted the court's decision.approve to officially agree to a plan, suggestion or request:The committee unanimously approved the plan.go along with somebody/something (rather informal) to agree to something that somebody else has decided; to agree with somebody else's ideas:She just goes along with everything he suggests.consent (rather formal) to agree to something or give your permission for something:She finally consented to answer our questions.to agree/consent to somethingto agree/consent to do somethingto agree to/accept/approve/go along with/consent to a plan/proposalto agree to/accept/approve a requestUsage note: become / get / go / turnThese verbs are used frequently with the following adjectives:
go without (something)to manage without something that you usually have or needThere wasn't time for breakfast, so I had to go without.How long can a human being go (= survive) without sleep?go without doing something She went without eating for three days.
|become ~||get ~||go ~||turn ~|