Definition of graft verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    graft

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//ɡrɑːft//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɡræft//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they graft
    BrE BrE//ɡrɑːft//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɡræft//
     
    he / she / it grafts
    BrE BrE//ɡrɑːfts//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɡræfts//
     
    past simple grafted
    BrE BrE//ˈɡrɑːftɪd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈɡræftɪd//
     
    past participle grafted
    BrE BrE//ˈɡrɑːftɪd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈɡræftɪd//
     
    -ing form grafting
    BrE BrE//ˈɡrɑːftɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈɡræftɪŋ//
     
    Operations
     
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  1. 1[transitive] graft something (onto/to/into something) | graft something (on) (from something) to take a piece of skin, bone, etc. from one part of the body and attach it to a damaged part newly grafted tissue New skin had to be grafted on from his back. See related entries: Operations
  2. 2[transitive] graft something (onto something) to cut a piece from a living plant and attach it to another plant
  3. 3[transitive] graft something (onto something) to make one idea, system, etc. become part of another one Old values are being grafted onto a new social class.
  4. 4[intransitive] (British English, informal) to work hard She’s been grafting all day.
  5. Word Originverb senses 1 to 3 late Middle English graff, from Old French grafe, via Latin from Greek graphion ‘stylus, writing implement’ (with reference to the tapered tip of the scion), from graphein ‘write’. The final -t is typical of phonetic confusion between -f and -ft at the end of words; compare with tuft. verb sense 4 mid 19th cent.: perhaps related to the phrase spade's graft ‘the amount of earth that one stroke of a spade will move’, based on Old Norse grǫftr ‘digging’.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: graft

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