English

Definition of grate verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    grate

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//ɡreɪt//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɡreɪt//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they grate
    BrE BrE//ɡreɪt//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɡreɪt//
     
    he / she / it grates
    BrE BrE//ɡreɪts//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɡreɪts//
     
    past simple grated
    BrE BrE//ˈɡreɪtɪd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈɡreɪtɪd//
     
    past participle grated
    BrE BrE//ˈɡreɪtɪd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈɡreɪtɪd//
     
    -ing form grating
    BrE BrE//ˈɡreɪtɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈɡreɪtɪŋ//
     
    Preparing food
     
    jump to other results
  1. 1[transitive] grate something to rub food against a grater in order to cut it into small pieces grated apple/carrot/cheese, etc. Grate the cheese and sprinkle it over the tomatoes. CollocationsCookingPreparing prepare a dish/​a meal/​a menu/​dinner/​the fish weigh out 100g/4oz of sugar/​the ingredients wash/​rinse the lettuce/​spinach/​watercress chop/​slice/​dice the carrots/​onions/​potatoes peel the carrots/​onion/​potatoes/​garlic/​orange grate a carrot/​the cheese/​some nutmeg remove/​discard the bones/​seeds/​skin blend/​combine/​mix (together) the flour and water/​all the ingredients beat/​whisk the cream/​eggs/​egg whites knead/​shape/​roll (out) the doughCooking heat the oil in a frying pan preheat/​heat the oven/(British English) the grill/(North American English) the broiler bring to (British English) the boil/(North American English) a boil stir constantly/​gently with a wooden spoon reduce the heat simmer gently for 20 minutes/​until reduced by half melt the butter/​chocolate/​cheese/​sugar brown the meat for 8–20 minutes drain the pasta/​the water from the pot/​in a colander mash the potatoes/​banana/​avocadoWays of cooking cook food/​fish/​meat/​rice/​pasta/​a Persian dish bake (a loaf of) bread/​a cake/(especially North American English) cookies/(British English) biscuits/​a pie/​potatoes/​fish/​scones/​muffins boil cabbage/​potatoes/​an egg/​water fry/​deep-fry/​stir-fry the chicken/​vegetables grill meat/​steak/​chicken/​sausages/​a hot dog roast potatoes/​peppers/​meat/​chicken/​lamb sauté garlic/​mushrooms/​onions/​potatoes/​vegetables steam rice/​vegetables/​spinach/​asparagus/​dumplings toast bread/​nuts microwave food/​popcorn/(British English) a ready mealServing serve in a glass/​on a bed of rice/​with potatoes arrange the slices on a plate/​in a layer carve the meat/​lamb/​chicken/​turkey dress/​toss a salad dress with/​drizzle with olive oil/​vinaigrette top with a slice of lemon/​a scoop of ice cream/​whipped cream/​syrup garnish with a sprig of parsley/​fresh basil leaves/​lemon wedges/​a slice of lime/​a twist of orange sprinkle with salt/​sugar/​herbs/​parsley/​freshly ground black pepper See related entries: Preparing food
  2. 2[intransitive] to irritate or annoy somebody grate (on somebody) Her voice really grates on me. He kept staring at her and it began to grate on her nerves. grate (with somebody) It grated with him when people implied he wasn't really British.
  3. 3[intransitive, transitive] when two hard surfaces grate as they rub together, they make a sharp unpleasant sound; somebody can also make one thing grate against another The rusty hinges grated as the gate swung back. grate something (+ adv./prep.) He grated his knife across the plate.
  4. Word Originverb late Middle English: from Old French grater, of Germanic origin; related to German kratzen ‘to scratch’.Extra examples The grit beneath her soles grated harshly on the wooden deck. The steel of the helmet grated against the door. a teaspoon of freshly grated nutmeg The rusty hinges grated as the heavy iron gate swung open.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: grate

Other results

All matches