Definition of grind verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    grind

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//ɡraɪnd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɡraɪnd//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they grind
    BrE BrE//ɡraɪnd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɡraɪnd//
     
    he / she / it grinds
    BrE BrE//ɡraɪndz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɡraɪndz//
     
    past simple ground
    BrE BrE//ɡraʊnd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɡraʊnd//
     
    past participle ground
    BrE BrE//ɡraʊnd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɡraʊnd//
     
    -ing form grinding
    BrE BrE//ˈɡraɪndɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈɡraɪndɪŋ//
     
    Preparing food
     
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    food/flour/coffee
  1. 1[transitive] grind something (down/up) | grind something (to/into something) to break or crush something into very small pieces between two hard surfaces or using a special machine to grind coffee/corn The animal has teeth that grind its food into a pulp. see also ground See related entries: Preparing food
  2. 2[transitive] grind something to produce something such as flour by crushing The flour is ground using traditional methods.
  3. 3[transitive] grind something (North American English) = mince
  4. make sharp/smooth
  5. 4[transitive] grind something to make something sharp or smooth by rubbing it against a hard surface a special stone for grinding knives
  6. press into surface
  7. 5[transitive] to press or rub something into a surface grind something into something He ground his cigarette into the ashtray. grind something in The dirt on her hands was ground in.
  8. rub together
  9. 6[intransitive, transitive] to rub together, or to make hard objects rub together, often producing an unpleasant noise grind (together) Parts of the machine were grinding together noisily. grind something (together) She grinds her teeth when she is asleep. He ground the gears on the car.
  10. machine
  11. 7[transitive] grind something to turn the handle of a machine that grinds something to grind a pepper mill
  12. Word Origin Old English grindan, probably of Germanic origin. Although no cognates are known, it may be distantly related to Latin frendere ‘rub away, gnash’.Extra examples The cement need not be finely ground. The coffee is ground to a fine powder. freshly ground black pepper machinery for grinding wheat into flourIdioms
    bring something to a grinding halt
     
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    to make something gradually go slower until it stops completely Roadworks brought traffic to a grinding halt.
    grind to a halt, come to a grinding halt
     
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    to go slower gradually and then stop completely Production ground to a halt during the strike. Her career ground to a halt when the twins were born.
    to have private reasons for being involved in something or for arguing for a particular cause She had no axe to grind and was only acting out of concern for their safety. These criticisms are commonly voiced by those who have some political axe to grind.
    Phrasal Verbsgrind somebodydowngrind ongrind somethingout
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: grind