English

Definition of grip verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    grip

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//ɡrɪp//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɡrɪp//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they grip
    BrE BrE//ɡrɪp//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɡrɪp//
     
    he / she / it grips
    BrE BrE//ɡrɪps//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɡrɪps//
     
    past simple gripped
    BrE BrE//ɡrɪpt//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɡrɪpt//
     
    past participle gripped
    BrE BrE//ɡrɪpt//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɡrɪpt//
     
    -ing form gripping
    BrE BrE//ˈɡrɪpɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈɡrɪpɪŋ//
     
     
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    hold tightly
  1. 1[transitive, intransitive] to hold something tightly synonym grasp grip something ‘Please don't go,’ he said, gripping her arm. grip on to something She gripped on to the railing with both hands. Synonymsholdhold on cling clutch grip grasp clasp hang onThese words all mean to have somebody/​something in your hands or arms.hold to have somebody/​something in your hand or arms:She was holding a large box. I held the baby gently in my arms.hold on (to somebody/​something) to continue to hold somebody/​something; to put your hand on somebody/​something and not take your hand away:Hold on and don’t let go until I say so.cling to hold on to somebody/​something tightly, especially with your whole body:Survivors clung to pieces of floating debris.clutch to hold somebody/​something tightly, especially in your hand; to take hold of something suddenly:She stood there, the flowers still clutched in her hand. He felt himself slipping and clutched at a branch.grip to hold on to something very tightly with your hand:Grip the rope as tightly as you can.grasp to take hold of something firmly:He grasped my hand and shook it warmly. The object of grasp is often somebody’s hand or wrist.clasp (formal) to hold somebody/​something tightly in your hand or in your arms:They clasped hands (= held each other’s hands). She clasped the children in her arms. The object of clasp is often your hands, somebody else’s hand or another person.hang on (to something) to hold on to something very tightly, especially in order to support yourself or stop yourself from falling:Hang on tight. We’re off!Patterns to hold/​clutch/​grip/​clasp something in your hand/​hands to hold/​catch/​clasp somebody/​something in your arms to hold/​clutch/​grip/​grasp/​clasp/​hang on to something to hold/​cling/​hang on to hold/​clutch/​clasp somebody/​something to you to hold/​hold on to/​cling to/​clutch/​grip/​grasp/​clasp/​hang on to somebody/​something tightly to hold/​hold on to/​cling to/​clutch/​grip/​grasp/​clasp somebody/​something firmly to hold/​hold on to/​clutch/​grip/​clasp/​hang on to somebody/​something tight
  2. interest/excite
  3. 2[transitive] grip somebody to interest or excite somebody; to hold somebody’s attention The book grips you from start to finish. I was totally gripped by the story. see also gripping
  4. have powerful effect
  5. 3[transitive] grip somebody/something (of an emotion or a situation) to have a powerful effect on somebody/something I was gripped by a feeling of panic. A sudden fear gripped me. Terrorism has gripped the country for the past two years.
  6. move/hold without slipping
  7. 4[transitive, intransitive] grip (something) to hold onto or to move over a surface without slipping tyres that grip the road
  8. Word Origin Old English grippa (verb), gripe ‘grasp, clutch’ (noun), gripa ‘handful, sheath’; related to gripe.Extra examples He gripped her gently by the shoulders. She gripped hard at the arms of her chair. ‘Please don’t go,’ he said, gripping her arm. Grip the rope as tightly as you can. The atmosphere of the World Cup gripped the nation. The book grips you from the first page to the last. The campaign gripped people’s imagination.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: grip