Definition of growth noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    growth

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//ɡrəʊθ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɡroʊθ//
     
    Economy
     
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  1. 1  [uncountable] (of people, animals or plants) the process of growing physically, mentally or emotionally Lack of water will stunt the plant's growth. Remove dead leaves to encourage new growth. a concern with personal (= mental and emotional) growth and development growth hormones (= designed to make somebody/something grow faster)
  2. 2  [uncountable] growth (in/of something) an increase in the size, amount or degree of something population growth the rapid growth in violent crime His book describes the growth of nationalism in Germany before the Second World War.
  3. 3  [uncountable] an increase in economic activity a disappointing year of little growth in Britain and America policies aimed at sustaining economic growth an annual growth rate of 10% a growth area/industry CollocationsThe economyManaging the economy handle/​run/​manage the economy boost investment/​spending/​employment/​growth stimulate demand/​the economy/​industry cut/​reduce investment/​spending/​borrowing reduce/​curb/​control/​keep down inflation create/​fuel growth/​demand/​a boom/​a bubble encourage/​foster/​promote/​stimulate/​stifle innovation/​competition encourage/​work with/​compete with the private sector increase/​boost/​promote US/​agricultural exports ban/​restrict/​block cheap/​foreign imports the economy grows/​expands/​shrinks/​contracts/​slows (down)/recovers/​improves/​is booming enjoy an economic/​housing/​property boomEconomic problems push up/​drive up prices/​costs/​inflation damage/​hurt/​destroy industry/​the economy cause/​lead to/​go into/​avoid/​escape recession experience/​suffer a recession/​downturn fight/​combat inflation/​deflation/​unemployment cause/​create inflation/​poverty/​unemployment create/​burst a housing/​stock market bubble cause/​trigger a stock market crash/​the collapse of the banking system face/​be plunged into a financial/​an economic crisis be caught in/​experience cycles of boom and bustPublic finance cut/​reduce/​slash/​increase/​double the defence/(especially US English) defense/​education/​aid budget increase/​boost/​slash/​cut public spending increase/​put up/​raise/​cut/​lower/​reduce taxes raise/​cut/​lower/​reduce interest rates ease/​loosen/​tighten monetary policy balance the (state/​federal) budget achieve/​maintain a balanced budget run a ($4 trillion) budget deficit/​surplus See related entries: Economy
  4. 4[countable] a lump caused by a disease that forms on or inside a person, an animal or a plant a malignant/cancerous growth
  5. 5[uncountable, countable] something that has grown The forest's dense growth provides nesting places for a wide variety of birds. several days’ growth of beard Prune the shrub heavily now and fresh green growths should appear in March and April.
  6. Extra examples Communications technology has proved to be a growth area. Give the plants a good pruning to encourage growth. He had a cancerous growth on his lung. Lack of food had stunted his growth. The country is experiencing a period of high growth. The economy enjoyed the highest growth rate in Asia. The factory has achieved a steady growth in output. There was a rapid growth in the numbers of private cars. a vicious circle of low growth and low productivity new measures to control the growth of traffic on the roads real GDP growth the excessive growth of algae in rivers the explosive growth of personal computers in the 1990s the exponential growth in world population Recent years have seen a huge growth of interest in alternative medicine The growth in average earnings has remained constant. The report links population growth with rural poverty.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: growth

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