English

Definition of hibernate verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

hibernate

 verb
verb
BrE BrE//ˈhaɪbəneɪt//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈhaɪbərneɪt//
 
[intransitive]Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they hibernate
BrE BrE//ˈhaɪbəneɪt//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈhaɪbərneɪt//
 
he / she / it hibernates
BrE BrE//ˈhaɪbəneɪts//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈhaɪbərneɪts//
 
past simple hibernated
BrE BrE//ˈhaɪbəneɪtɪd//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈhaɪbərneɪtɪd//
 
past participle hibernated
BrE BrE//ˈhaɪbəneɪtɪd//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈhaɪbərneɪtɪd//
 
-ing form hibernating
BrE BrE//ˈhaɪbəneɪtɪŋ//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈhaɪbərneɪtɪŋ//
 
 
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(of animals) to spend the winter in a state like deep sleep CollocationsThe living worldAnimals animals mate/​breed/​reproduce/​feed (on something) fish/​amphibians swim/​spawn (= lay eggs) birds fly/​migrate/​nest/​sing insects crawl/​fly/​bite/​sting insects/​bees/​locusts swarm bees collect/​gather nectar/​pollen spiders spin/​weave a web snakes/​lizards shed their skins bears/​hedgehogs/​frogs hibernate insect larvae grow/​develop/​pupate an egg/​a chick/​a larva hatches attract/​find/​choose a mate produce/​release eggs/​sperm lay/​fertilize/​incubate/​hatch eggs inhabit a forest/​a reef/​the coast mark/​enter/​defend (a) territory stalk/​hunt/​capture/​catch/​kill preyPlants and fungi trees/​plants grow/​bloom/​blossom/​flower a seed germinates/​sprouts leaves/​buds/​roots/​shoots appear/​develop/​form flower buds swell/​open a fungus grows/​spreads/​colonizes something pollinate/​fertilize a flower/​plant produce/​release/​spread/​disperse pollen/​seeds/​spores produce/​bear fruit develop/​grow/​form roots/​shoots/​leaves provide/​supply/​absorb/​extract/​release nutrients perform/​increase/​reduce photosynthesisBacteria and viruses bacteria/​microbes/​viruses grow/​spread/​multiply bacteria/​microbes live/​thrive in/​on something bacteria/​microbes/​viruses evolve/​colonize something/​cause disease bacteria break something down/​convert something (into something) a virus enters/​invades something/​the body a virus mutates/​evolves/​replicates (itself) be infected with/​contaminated with/​exposed to a new strain of a virus/​drug-resistant bacteria contain/​carry/​harbour (especially US English) harbor bacteria/​a virus kill/​destroy/​eliminate harmful/​deadly bacteria Word Origin early 19th cent. (earlier (mid 17th cent.) as hibernation): from Latin hibernare, from hiberna ‘winter quarters’, from hibernus ‘wintry’.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: hibernate