Definition of humanity noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//hjuːˈmænəti//
    ; NAmE NAmE//hjuːˈmænəti//
    Exams and degrees, Kind, Study routes
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  1. 1[uncountable] people in general crimes against humanity More AboutgenderWays of talking about men and women When you are writing or speaking English it is important to use language that includes both men and women equally. Some people may be very offended if you do not.The human race Man and mankind have traditionally been used to mean ‘all men and women’. Many people now prefer to use humanity, the human race, human beings or people.Jobs The suffix -ess in names of occupations such as actress, hostess and waitress shows that the person doing the job is a woman. Many people now avoid these. Instead you can use actor or host (although actress and hostess are still very common), or a neutral word, such as server for waiter and waitress. Neutral words like assistant, worker, person or officer are now often used instead of -man or -woman in the names of jobs. For example, you can use police officer instead of policeman or policewoman, and spokesperson instead of spokesman or spokeswoman. Neutral words are very common in newspapers, on television and radio and in official writing, in both British English and North American English. When talking about jobs that are traditionally done by the other sex, some people say: a male secretary/nurse/model (NOT man) or a woman/female doctor/barrister/driver. However this is now not usually used unless you need to emphasize which sex the person is, or it is still unusual for the job to be done by a man/​woman: My daughter prefers to see a woman doctor.They have a male nanny for their kids.a female racing driverPronouns He used to be considered to cover both men and women: Everyone needs to feel he is loved. This is not now acceptable. Instead, after everybody, everyone, anybody, anyone, somebody, someone, etc. one of the plural pronouns they, them, and their is often used: Does everybody know what they want?Somebody’s left their coat here.I hope nobody’s forgotten to bring their passport with them. Some people prefer to use he or she, his or her, or him or her in speech and writing: Everyone knows what’s best for him- or herself. He/​she or (s)he can also be used in writing: If in doubt, ask your doctor. He/​she can give you more information. (You may find that some writers just use ‘she’.) These uses can seem awkward when they are used a lot. It is better to try to change the sentence, using a plural noun. Instead of saying: A baby cries when he or she is tired you can say Babies cry when they are tired.
  2. 2[uncountable] the state of being a person rather than a god, an animal or a machine The story was used to emphasize the humanity of Jesus. united by a sense of common humanity
  3. 3[uncountable] the quality of being kind to people and animals by making sure that they do not suffer more than is necessary; the quality of being humane The judge was praised for his courage and humanity. opposite inhumanity See related entries: Kind
  4. 4 (the) humanities [plural] the subjects of study that are concerned with the way people think and behave, for example literature, language, history and philosophy compare science See related entries: Exams and degrees, Study routes
  5. Word OriginMiddle English: from Old French humanite, from Latin humanitas, from humanus, from homo ‘man, human being’.Extra examples All the streets around the temple were just a mass of humanity. He was found guilty of crimes against humanity. It is because I care about the future of humanity that I’m conducting this research. She was told her son had died in the service of humanity.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: humanity