Definition of immunity noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//ɪˈmjuːnəti//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɪˈmjuːnəti//
    [uncountable, countable] (pl. immunities)
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  1. 1the body’s ability to avoid or not be affected by infection and disease immunity (to something) immunity to infection immunity (against something) The vaccine provides longer immunity against flu. Wordfinderbacteria, disease, epidemic, fever, illness, immunity, infection, spread, vaccinate, virus CollocationsIllnessesBecoming ill catch a cold/​an infectious disease/​the flu/(British English) flu/​pneumonia/​a virus/(informal) a bug get (British English) ill/(North American English) sick/​a disease/​AIDS/​breast cancer/​a cold/​the flu/(British English) flu/​a migraine come down with a cold/​the flu/(British English) flu contract a deadly disease/​a serious illness/​HIV/​AIDS be infected with a virus/​a parasite/​HIV develop cancer/​diabetes/​a rash/​an ulcer/​symptoms of hepatitis have a heart attack/​a stroke provoke/​trigger/​produce an allergic reaction block/​burst/​rupture a blood vessel damage/​sever a nerve/​an artery/​a tendonBeing ill feel (British English) ill/​sick/​nauseous/​queasy be running (British English) a temperature/(North American English) a fever have a head cold/​diabetes/​heart disease/​lung cancer/​a headache/(British English) a high temperature/(North American English) a fever suffer from asthma/​malnutrition/​frequent headaches/​bouts of depression/​a mental disorder be laid up with/ (British English) be in bed with a cold/​the flu/(British English) flu/​a migraine nurse a cold/​a headache/​a hangover battle/​fight cancer/​depression/​addiction/​alcoholismTreatments examine a patient diagnose a condition/​disease/​disorder be diagnosed with cancer/​diabetes/​schizophrenia prescribe/​be given/​be on/​take drugs/​medicine/​medication/​pills/​painkillers/​antibiotics treat somebody for cancer/​depression/​shock have/​undergo an examination/​an operation/​surgery/​a kidney transplant/​therapy/​chemotherapy/​treatment for cancer have/​be given an injection/(British English) a flu jab/(North American English) a flu shot/​a blood transfusion/​a scan/​an X-ray cure a disease/​an ailment/​cancer/​a headache/​a patient prevent the spread of disease/​further outbreaks/​damage to the lungs be vaccinated against the flu/(British English) flu/​the measles/(British English) measles/​polio/​smallpox enhance/​boost/​confer/​build immunity to a disease
  2. 2immunity (from something) the state of being protected from something The spies were all granted immunity from prosecution. parliamentary/congressional immunity (= protection against particular laws that is given to politicians) Officials of all member states receive certain privileges and immunities. see also diplomatic immunity
  3. Word Originlate Middle English: in the sense ‘exemption (from a liability)’): from Latin immunitas, from immunis ‘exempt from public service or charge’, from in- ‘not’ + munis ‘ready for service’. Extra examplesHe has agreed to waive his diplomatic immunity and face prosecution. High levels of stress may lower your immunity to common illnesses. Infection usually confers lifelong immunity to the disease. Once you have had a cold you build up immunity to that particular virus. Polio has been eradicated due to vaccination and herd immunity. Several ministers were stripped of parliamentary immunity as a prelude to facing corruption charges. The Supreme Court lifted the company’s immunity from criminal prosecution. The island’s inhabitants had no immunity to the diseases carried by the explorers and quickly succumbed. The newcomers lacked immunity against local strains of the disease. The newspaper claimed public interest immunity when threatened with prosecution for publishing the story. The vaccine only confers immunity for a few months. Unions were granted immunity from prosecution for non-violent acts. the use of vaccines to stimulate immunity
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: immunity

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