Definition of incumbent adjective from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    incumbent

     adjective
    adjective
    BrE BrE//ɪnˈkʌmbənt//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ɪnˈkʌmbənt//
     
     
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  1. 1[only before noun] having an official position the incumbent president
  2. 2[not before noun] incumbent upon/on somebody (formal) necessary as part of somebody’s duties It was incumbent on them to attend.
  3. Word Origin late Middle English (as a noun): from Anglo-Latin incumbens, incumbent-, from Latin incumbere ‘lie or lean on’, from in- ‘upon’ + a verb related to cubare ‘lie’.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: incumbent

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