Definition of inflict verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

inflict

 verb
verb
BrE BrE//ɪnˈflɪkt//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ɪnˈflɪkt//
 
Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they inflict
BrE BrE//ɪnˈflɪkt//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ɪnˈflɪkt//
 
he / she / it inflicts
BrE BrE//ɪnˈflɪkts//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ɪnˈflɪkts//
 
past simple inflicted
BrE BrE//ɪnˈflɪktɪd//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ɪnˈflɪktɪd//
 
past participle inflicted
BrE BrE//ɪnˈflɪktɪd//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ɪnˈflɪktɪd//
 
-ing form inflicting
BrE BrE//ɪnˈflɪktɪŋ//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ɪnˈflɪktɪŋ//
 
 
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to make somebody/something suffer something unpleasant inflict something on/upon somebody/something They inflicted a humiliating defeat on the home team. Heavy casualties were inflicted on the enemy. (humorous) Do you have to inflict that music on us? inflict something They surveyed the damage inflicted by the storm. The rodent’s sharp teeth can inflict a nasty bite. When someone deliberately inflicts damage, it is a matter for the police. Word Origin mid 16th cent. (in the sense ‘afflict, trouble’): from Latin inflict- ‘struck against’, from the verb infligere, from in- ‘into’ + fligere ‘to strike’. Phrasal Verbsinflict somebody on somebody
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: inflict

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