Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775-1851) a major English artist, famous for his landscape and seascape paintings (= scenes of the countryside and of the sea). A characteristic feature of his work is his original treatment of light and weather conditions. His style had a great influence on later artistic movements, especially Impressionism and abstract expressionism. Turner spent much of his life travelling widely in Britain and Europe, doing drawings for his paintings. His best-known paintings include The Fighting Téméraire (1838) and Rain, Steam and Speed (1844), both of which are in the National Gallery in London. Many of his paintings became the property of the British nation after his death and are in Tate Britain in London. In 1987 the Clore Gallery was added to the Tate especially to display Turner's works.