Definition of job noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//dʒɒb//
    ; NAmE NAmE//dʒɑːb//
    Types of crime, Pay and conditions at work
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    paid work
  1. 1  work for which you receive regular payment He's trying to get a job. She took a job as a waitress. His brother's just lost his job. a summer/holiday/Saturday/vacation job a temporary/permanent job I'm thinking of applying for a new job. The takeover of the company is bound to mean more job losses. Many women are in part-time jobs. Did they offer you the job? He certainly knows his job (= is very good at his job). I'm only doing my job (= I'm doing what I am paid to do). He's been out of a job (= unemployed) for six months now. She's never had a steady job (= a job that is not going to end suddenly). Synonymsjobposition post vacancy appointmentThese are all words for a position doing work for which you receive regular payment.job a position doing work for which you receive regular payment:He’s trying to get a job in a bank.position (rather formal) a job:a senior position in a large corporationjob or position?Position usually refers to a particular job within an organization, especially at a high level, and is not usually used about jobs generally. It is also often used in job applications, descriptions and advertisements.post a job, especially an important one in a large organization:a key post in the new governmentvacancy a job that is available for somebody to do:We have several vacancies for casual workers.appointment (rather formal, especially British English) a job or position of responsibility:This is a permanent appointment, requiring commitment and hard work.Patterns a permanent/​temporary job/​position/​post/​vacancy/​appointment a full-time/​part-time job/​position/​post/​vacancy/​appointment to have/​have got a(n) job/​position/​post/​vacancy/​appointment to apply for/​fill a job/​position/​post/​vacancy to resign from/​leave/​quit a job/​position/​post CollocationsJobsGetting a job look for work look for/​apply for/​go for a job get/​pick up/​complete/​fill out/ (British English) fill in an application (form) send/​email your (British English) CV/(North American English) résumé/application/​application form/​covering letter be called for/​have/​attend an interview offer somebody a job/​work/​employment/​promotion find/​get/​land a job employ/ (especially North American English) hire/​recruit/ (especially British English) take on staff/​workers/​trainees recruit/​appoint a managerDoing a job arrive at/​get to/​leave work/​the office/​the factory start/​finish work/​your shift do/​put in/​work overtime have/​gain/​get/​lack/​need experience/​qualifications do/​get/​have/​receive training learn/​pick up/​improve/​develop (your) skills cope with/​manage/​share/​spread the workload improve your/​achieve a better work-life balance have (no) job satisfaction/​job securityBuilding a career have a job/​work/​a career/​a vocation find/​follow/​pursue/ (especially North American English) live (out) your vocation enter/​go into/​join a profession choose/​embark on/​start/​begin/​pursue a career change jobs/​profession/​career be/ (both especially British English) work/​go freelance do/​take on temp work/​freelance work do/​be engaged in/​be involved in voluntary workLeaving your job leave/ (especially North American English) quit/​resign from your job give up work/​your job/​your career hand in your notice/​resignation plan to/​be due to retire in June/​next year, etc. take early retirement Wordfinderapply, appoint, contract, dismiss, employ, job, pay, retire, work, workforce CollocationsUnemploymentLosing your job lose your job (British English) become/​be made redundant be offered/​take voluntary redundancy/​early retirement face/​be threatened with dismissal/(British English) the sack/(British English) compulsory redundancy dismiss/​fire/ (especially British English) sack an employee/​a worker/​a manager lay off staff/​workers/​employees (Australian English, New Zealand English, South African English) retrench workers cut/​reduce/​downsize/​slash the workforce (British English) make staff/​workers/​employees redundantBeing unemployed be unemployed/​out of work/​out of a job seek/​look for work/​employment be on/​collect/​draw/​get/​receive (both British English) unemployment benefit/​jobseeker’s allowance be/​go/​live/​sign (British English, informal) on the dole claim/​draw/​get (British English, informal) the dole be on/​qualify for (North American English) unemployment (compensation) be/​go/​live/​depend (North American English) on welfare collect/​receive (North American English) welfare combat/​tackle/​cut/​reduce unemployment See related entries: Pay and conditions at work
  2. task
  3. 2  a particular task or piece of work that you have to do I've got various jobs around the house to do. Sorting these papers out is going to be a long job. The builder has a couple of jobs on at the moment. see also blow job, nose job
  4. duty
  5. 3  [usually singular] (rather informal) a responsibility or duty It's not my job to lock up!
  6. crime
  7. 4(informal) a crime, especially stealing a bank job He got six months for that last job he did. an inside job (= done by somebody in the organization where the crime happens) See related entries: Types of crime
  8. object
  9. 5(informal) a particular kind of thing It's real wood—not one of those plastic jobs.
  10. computing
  11. 6an item of work which is done by a computer as a single unit The job can be processed overnight.
  12. Word Originmid 16th cent. (in sense 2 of the noun): of unknown origin.Extra examples Check our website for the latest job listings. Cleaning the office is not in my job description. Companies export jobs because it is cheaper to pay foreign workers. Cooper had the unenviable job of announcing the bad new. Despite the small number of applicants, they managed to find the right person for the job. He certainly knows his job.- He made a very professional job of replacing the windows. He moved to a better-paid job with another employer. He was forced to take a series of menial jobs. He was tempted to give up freelancing and get a regular job. He’d done lots of part-time work, but this was his first proper job. He’s always had difficulty holding down a job. He’s frightened of losing his job. He’s just landed himself a highly paid job in banking. His father found him a cushy job in the office, with almost nothing to do and a big salary. His job title is Chief Hygiene Operative. How would you rate your job satisfaction? I saw the job advertised on the Internet. I spend most Saturdays doing odd jobs around the house. I want to get on with the job of painting my room today. I was very pleased with the way she handled the job. I’m only doing my job. It is hoped that the development will create new jobs in the region. It’s important to devise a job search strategy when looking for work. It’s often immigrants who do the dangerous jobs. It’s one of the top jobs in management. Keeping the house clean can be a thankless job. Local companies are holding an open day for job seekers. Management are hoping to shed 200 jobs. Nowadays many people change jobs every few years. She found herself out of a job when her boss died. She got a teaching job at the university. She got a temporary job stacking shelves. She has a job as a waitress. She has a very good job with a local law firm. She made a very good job of covering up the damage. She was dismissed from her job after only six months. She’s got a very good job with a local firm of solicitors. She’s starting a new job on Monday. She’s taken on the job of organizing the Christmas party. The author has done an admirable job in compiling all this material. The closure of the cement factory will mean the loss of over 800 jobs. The company is hoping to shed 200 jobs. The deal between the union and management should safeguard 6 000 jobs. The first step in a job search is to prepare an up-to-date CV. The gang bungled the job and got caught. The introduction of job sharing could prevent the need for job losses. The job doesn’t pay very well. The job requires honesty, intelligence, and vision. The plant will provide almost 300 new jobs. The plum jobs all went to friends of the prime minister. Their boss agreed to a job share. There is an enormous job market for teachers at the moment. There’s not much chance of promotion in a job like that. They are paid according to how well they perform their job. They gave me the tough job of telling applicants that they’d been rejected. They’ve done a poor job of managing their finances. Three years ago she moved into her current job. Try wedging it open—that should do the job. We finished the job in five hours. We have seen job growth in a number of areas. We’re hoping to get the job done this weekend. We’re interviewing for the job in the Sales Department. What would be your dream job? Within weeks of graduation she had several job offers. Workers questioned rated job security as being more important than high salary. You can count on him—he gets the job done. You will receive training on the job. You’ll have a hard job convincing them that you’re right. You’ve done a good job on the car. You’ve done a grand job with that decorating. a desk job in the police housing department a job in a large company a job in food retailing fiddly little jobs like wiring plugs jobs for women At last I’d found my dream job. Bringing up kids is a full-time job. Changing the oil in your car can be a tedious and dirty job. He spends his time doing odd jobs. He’ll have a tough job getting the team into shape in time. He’s trying to get a job in teaching. Her job title is Senior Advisor. Hundreds of people replied to our job advertisement. I’m going for a job interview next week. I’m not sure I’ll be able to get the job done in the time. I’m thinking of applying for a new job. I’ve got various jobs around the house to do. It’s about time she got herself a proper job. It’s not my job to lock up! It’s the job of the press to expose wrongdoing. It’s very dark out there, you’ll have a job to see anything. Job satisfaction is very important to me. Job seekers should make sure they have an up-to-date CV. Make sure your boss gives you a proper job description. My brother has just lost his job. My dad’s always giving me loads of jobs to do. She had a hard job to make herself heard above the noise. She’s been out of a job for six months now. She’s never had a steady job. Sorting these papers is going to be a long job. The job market is looking up in the UK. There are likely to be a number of job losses at the factory. There are plenty of job opportunities in the financial sector. We provide training on the job. What kind of job do you do? You should get your job application in in good time. a job creation scheme a routine job on a production lineIdioms (old-fashioned) a very difficult or unpleasant job or time I've had a devil of a job finding you.
    do a good, bad, etc. job (on something), make a good, bad, etc. job of something
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    to do something well, badly, etc. They did a very professional job. You've certainly made an excellent job of the kitchen (= for example, painting it). We haven’t done a very good job on the publicity for the show.
    (informal) to be effective or successful in doing what you want This extra strong glue should do the job.
    give somebody/something up as a bad job
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    (informal) to decide to stop trying to help somebody or to do something because there is no hope of success
    (especially North American English, informal) used to tell somebody that they have done well at something (informal) used to say that you are pleased about a situation or that somebody is lucky that something happened It's a good job you were there to help.
    have a (hard/difficult) job doing/to do something
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    to have difficulty doing something You'll have a job convincing them that you're right. He had a hard job to make himself heard.
    (British English, old-fashioned or formal) work that you are paid to do or that must be done There was a job of work waiting for him that he was not looking forward to. (British English, informal, disapproving) people use the expression jobs for the boys when they are criticizing the fact that somebody in power has given work to friends or relatives
    just the job (British English) (also just the ticket North American English, British English)
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    (informal, approving) exactly what is needed in a particular situation That cup of tea was just the job.
    make the best of something/it, make the best of things, make the best of a bad job
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    to accept a bad or difficult situation and do as well as you can
    more than your job’s worth (to do something)
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    (British English, informal) not worth doing because it is against the rules or because it might cause you to lose your job It's more than my job's worth to let you in without a ticket. see also jobsworth
    1. 1while doing a particular job No sleeping on the job! on-the-job training
    2. 2(British English, slang) having sex
    (North American English) to stop working in order to go on strike
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: job