(1819-1900) an English writer and artist. He supported the work of J M W Turner and the Pre-Raphaelites and was a leading figure in the Gothic Revival. In 1869 he became the first Professor of Art at Oxford University, and his books about art include Modern Painters (1843-60) and The Stones of Venice (1851-3). He also wrote about social justice and was in favour of better educational opportunities for working people. Ruskin College, Oxford, is named after him. His house in the Lake District is kept as a museum.