Definition of Justice of the Peace noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

Justice of the Peace

 noun
noun
BrE
 
; NAmE
 
(pl. Justices of the Peace)(abbreviation JP)(formal) People in law
 
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an official who acts as a judge in the lowest courts of law synonym magistrate In 1579 he was appointed Justice of the Peace for Kent. See related entries: People in law Culture In England and Wales the title is given to a magistrate, while in Scotland it is given to a judge in a district court. In the US, Justices of the Peace are local judges who deal with minor legal matters, send cases to higher courts of law, and can also perform marriages. note at the legal system
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: Justice of the Peace