Definition of lean verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    lean

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//liːn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//liːn//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they lean
    BrE BrE//liːn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//liːn//
     
    he / she / it leans
    BrE BrE//liːnz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//liːnz//
     
    past simple leaned
    BrE BrE//liːnd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//liːnd//
     
    past participle leaned
    BrE BrE//liːnd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//liːnd//
     
    (British English also) past simple leant
    BrE BrE//lent//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//lent//
     
    (British English also) past participle leant
    BrE BrE//lent//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//lent//
     
    -ing form leaning
    BrE BrE//ˈliːnɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈliːnɪŋ//
     
     
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  1. 1  [intransitive] (+ adv./prep.) to bend or move from a vertical position I leaned back in my chair. The tower is leaning dangerously. A man was leaning out of the window.
  2. 2  [intransitive] to rest on or against something for support lean against something A shovel was leaning against the wall. lean on something She walked slowly, leaning on her son's arm.
  3. 3  [transitive] lean something against/on something to make something rest against something in a sloping position Can I lean my bike against the wall?
  4. Word Originverb Old English hleonian, hlinian, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch leunen and German lehnen, from an Indo-European root shared by Latin inclinare and Greek klinein.Extra examples Britain leans heavily on Europe for trade. He leaned back in his chair. He leaned closer, lowering his voice. He leaned into the open doorway. He leaned towards her. Kate leaned comfortably against the wall. She leaned casually over the railings. She leaned forward eagerly to listen to him. She leaned her head against his shoulder. She leaned precariously out of the window. She leaned to one side. She was leaning confidentially across the table. The old man was leaning heavily on a stick. The taxi driver leaned through his window. Women and children leaned from the windows of the surrounding tenements. A shovel was leaning against the fence. She walked slowly, leaning on her son’s arm.Idioms
    bend/lean over backwards (to do something)
     
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    to make a great effort, especially in order to be helpful or fair I've bent over backwards to help him.
    Phrasal Verbslean on somebodylean to something
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: lean