to put powder, lipstick, etc. on your/somebody’s face to make it more attractive or to prepare for an appearance in the theatre, on television, etc. related noun make-up (1)
- 1 to form something synonym constitute Women make up 56% of the student numbers. related noun make-up Synonymsconsist of somebody/somethingcomprise make up something constitute be composed of somebody/somethingThese words all mean to be formed from the things or people mentioned, or to be the parts that form something.consist of somebody/something to be formed from the people, things or activities mentioned: Their diet consists largely of vegetables.comprise (rather formal) to be formed from the things or people mentioned: The collection comprises 327 paintings. Comprise can also be used to refer to the parts or members of something: Older people comprise a large proportion of those living in poverty. However, this is less frequent. make up something (rather informal) to be the parts or people that form something: Women make up 56% of the student numbers.constitute(formal) to be the parts or people that form something: People under the age of 40 constitute the majority of the labour force.be composed of somebody/something (rather formal) to be formed from the things or people mentioned: Around 15% of our diet is composed of protein.which word?Consist of somebody/something is the most general of these words and the only one that can be used for activities with the -ing form of a verb: My work at that time just consisted of typing letters. The other main difference is between those verbs that take the whole as the subject and the parts as the object: The group consists of/comprises/is made up of/is composed of ten people. and those that take the parts as the subject and the whole as the object: Ten people make up/constitute/comprise the group. It is not correct to use ‘comprises of’ or ‘is composed by/from’. Language BankproportionDescribing fractions and proportions According to this pie chart, a third of students’ leisure time is spent watching TV. One in five hours is/are spent socializing. Socializing accounts for/makes up/comprises about 20% of leisure time. Students spend twice as much time playing computer games as doing sport. Three times as many hours are spent playing computer games as reading. The figure for playing computer games is three times higher than the figure for reading. The largest proportion of time is spent playing computer games.
- 2to put something together from several different things related noun make-up
- 3 to invent a story, etc., especially in order to trick or entertain somebody He made up some excuse about his daughter being sick. I told the kids a story, making it up as I went along. You made that up!
- 4to complete a number or an amount required We need one more person to make up a team.
- 5to replace something that has been lost; to compensate for something Can I leave early this afternoon and make up the time tomorrow?
- 6to prepare a medicine by mixing different things together
- 7to prepare a bed for use; to create a temporary bed We made up the bed in the spare room. They made up a bed for me on the sofa.
- 8(especially North American English) to clean a hotel room and make the bed The maid asked if she could make up the room. They had forgotten to make up the room.