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Definition of mandarin noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    mandarin

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//ˈmændərɪn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈmændərɪn//
     
     
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  1. 1[countable] a powerful official of high rank, especially in the civil service synonym bureaucrat
  2. 2[countable] a government official of high rank in China in the past
  3. 3 Mandarin [uncountable] the standard form of Chinese, which is the official language of China
  4. 4 (also mandarin orange) [countable] a type of small orange with loose skin that comes off easily
  5. Word Origin senses 1 to 3 late 16th cent. (denoting a Chinese official): from Portuguese mandarim, via Malay from Hindi mantrī ‘counsellor’. sense 4 late 18th cent.: from French mandarine; perhaps related to mandarin ‘high-ranking Chinese official’, the colour of the fruit being similar to the official's yellow robes.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: mandarin

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