- 1 [countable] an official action that is done in order to achieve a particular aim safety/security/austerity measures a temporary/an emergency measure measure (to do something) We must take preventive measures to reduce crime in the area. The government is introducing tougher measures to combat crime. measures against racism Police in riot gear were in attendance as a precautionary measure. Synonymsactionmeasure step act moveThese are all words for a thing that somebody does.action a thing that somebody does:Her quick action saved the child’s life.measure an official action that is done in order to achieve a particular aim:Tougher measures against racism are needed.step one of a series of things that you do in order to achieve something:This was a first step towards a united Europe.act a thing that somebody does:an act of kindnessaction or act?These two words have the same meaning but are used in different patterns. An act is usually followed by of and/or used with an adjective. Action is not usually used with of but is often used with his, her, etc:a heroic act of bravery a heroic action of bravery his heroic actions/acts during the war. Action often combines with take but act does not:We shall take whatever acts are necessary.move (used especially in journalism) an action that you do or need to do to achieve something:They are waiting for the results of the opinion polls before deciding their next move.Patterns to take action/measures/steps to make a step/move a heroic/brave/daring action/step/act/move see also half measures unit of size/quantity
- 2 [countable, uncountable] a unit used for stating the size, quantity or degree of something; a system or a scale of these units weights and measures The Richter Scale is a measure of ground motion. liquid/dry measure Which measure of weight do pharmacists use?
- 3[countable] (especially of alcohol) a standard quantity a generous measure of whisky amount
- 4[singular] a particular amount of something, especially a fairly large amount synonym degree A measure of technical knowledge is desirable in this job. She achieved some measure of success with her first book. instrument for measuring
- 5 [countable] an instrument such as a stick, a long tape or a container that is marked with standard units and is used for measuring see also tape measure way of showing/judging
- 6[singular] a sign of the size or the strength of something Sending flowers is a measure of how much you care.
- 7[countable] a way of judging or measuring something an accurate measure of ability Is this test a good measure of reading comprehension? suggested new law
- 8[countable] (North American English) a written suggestion, especially one for a new law made by the lawmakers of a state a motion to refer the measure to another committee a ballot measure (= a change in the law that voters decide on) in music
- 9 (usually British English bar) [countable] one of the short sections of equal length that a piece of music is divided into, and the notes that are in it See related entries: Reading music Word Origin Middle English (as a noun in the senses ‘moderation’, ‘instrument for measuring’, ‘unit of capacity’): from Old French mesure, from Latin mensura, from mens-
(formal) to form an opinion about somebody’s character or abilities so that you can deal with them After only one game, the chess champion had the measure of his young opponent. (formal) to the greatest possible degree My expectations had been met in full measure. (formal) to a great extent Their success is due in large part to their determination. (formal) to a large extent or degree; to some, etc. extent or degree The introduction of a new tax accounted in no small measure for the downfall of the government. Our thanks are due in equal measure to every member of the team. (British English) made especially for one person according to particular measurements synonym bespoke You'll need to get a suit made to measure. I’m having the curtains made to measure. a made-to-measure suit See related entries: The fashion world