Definition of mercerization noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

mercerization

 noun
(British English also -isation)noun
BrE BrE//ˌmɜːsəraɪˈzeɪʃn//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˌmɜːrsərəˈzeɪʃn//
 
[uncountable]
 
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the process of treating cotton cloth or thread with a chemical to make it stronger and more shiny