Definition of oath noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//əʊθ//
    ; NAmE NAmE//oʊθ//
    (pl. oaths
    BrE BrE//əʊðz//
    ; NAmE NAmE//oʊðz//
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  1. 1a formal promise to do something or a formal statement that something is true to take/swear an oath of allegiance Before giving evidence, witnesses in court have to take the oath (= promise to tell the truth). All members had to swear a solemn oath never to reveal the secrets of the organization. You are bound by oath to tell the truth. CollocationsVoting in electionsRunning for election conduct/​hold an election/​a referendum (especially North American English) run for office/​election/​governor/​mayor/​president/​the White House (especially British English) stand for election/​office/​Parliament/​the Labour Party/​a second term hold/​call/​contest a general/​national election launch/​run a presidential election campaign support/​back a candidate sway/​convince/​persuade voters/​the electorate appeal to/​attract/​woo/​target (North American English) swing voters/(British English) floating voters fix/​rig/​steal an election/​the voteVoting go to/​be turned away from (especially British English) a polling station/(North American English) a polling place cast a/​your vote/​ballot (for somebody) vote for the Conservative candidate/​the Democratic party mark/​spoil your ballot paper count (British English) the postal votes/(especially North American English) the absentee ballots go to/​be defeated at the ballot box get/​win/​receive/​lose votes get/​win (60% of) the popular/​black/​Hispanic/​Latino/​Muslim vote win the election/(in the US) the primaries/​a seat in Parliament/​a majority/​power lose an election/​the vote/​your majority/​your seat win/​come to power in a landslide (victory) (= with many more votes than any other party) elect/​re-elect somebody (as) mayor/​president/​an MP/​senator/​congressman/​congresswomanTaking power be sworn into office/​in as president take/​administer (in the US) the oath of office swear/​take (in the UK) an/​the oath of allegiance give/​deliver (in the US) the president’s inaugural address take/​enter/​hold/​leave office appoint somebody (as) ambassador/​governor/​judge/​minister form a government/​a cabinet serve two terms as prime minister/​in office
  2. 2(old-fashioned) an offensive word or phrase used to express anger, surprise, etc.; a swear word She heard the sound of breaking glass, followed by a muttered oath.
  3. Word OriginOld English āth, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch eed and German Eid.Extra examples He swore on oath that he had never seen me before. He took an oath of allegiance to his adopted country. Only a judge is allowed to administer the oath. Witnesses must testify under oath. a doctor’s Hippocratic oath an oath of allegiance/​loyalty All the barons were called on to swear an oath of allegiance to the king. Before giving evidence, witnesses in court have to take the oath.Idioms (law) having made a formal promise to tell the truth in court Is she prepared to give evidence on oath? The judge reminded the witness that he was still under oath. You have sworn under oath that you never met this man.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: oath

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