English

Definition of oblige verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    oblige

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//əˈblaɪdʒ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//əˈblaɪdʒ//
     
    (formal)Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they oblige
    BrE BrE//əˈblaɪdʒ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//əˈblaɪdʒ//
     
    he / she / it obliges
    BrE BrE//əˈblaɪdʒɪz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//əˈblaɪdʒɪz//
     
    past simple obliged
    BrE BrE//əˈblaɪdʒd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//əˈblaɪdʒd//
     
    past participle obliged
    BrE BrE//əˈblaɪdʒd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//əˈblaɪdʒd//
     
    -ing form obliging
    BrE BrE//əˈblaɪdʒɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//əˈblaɪdʒɪŋ//
     
     
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  1. 1[transitive, usually passive] oblige somebody to do something to force somebody to do something, by law, because it is a duty, etc. Parents are obliged by law to send their children to school. I felt obliged to ask them to dinner. He suffered a serious injury that obliged him to give up work. Libel plaintiffs are virtually obliged to go into the witness box.
  2. 2[intransitive, transitive] to help somebody by doing what they ask or what you know they want Call me if you need any help—I'd be happy to oblige. oblige somebody (with something) Would you oblige me with some information? oblige somebody (by doing something) Oblige me by keeping your suspicions to yourself.
  3. Word Origin Middle English (in the sense ‘bind by oath’): from Old French obliger, from Latin obligare, from ob- ‘towards’ + ligare ‘to bind’.Extra examples The fans were looking for another goal and Owen duly obliged. The staff are always happy to oblige. Will you oblige by filling in this form? Would you be willing to oblige us with some information? Employees should not feel obliged to work extra hours. In the UK, you are not obliged to carry any form of identification. Ministers are obliged to declare their personal interests. She was annoyed that she had felt obliged to explain. Suppliers aren’t legally obliged to provide a warranty. The landlord is obliged to give tenants 24 hours’ notice of a visit. We felt obliged to sit with them.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: oblige

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