English

Definition of organ noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    organ

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//ˈɔːɡən//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈɔːrɡən//
     
    The press, Musical instruments
     
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  1. 1   a part of the body that has a particular purpose, such as the heart or the brain; part of a plant with a particular purpose the internal organs the sense organs (= the eyes, ears, nose, etc.) the sexual/reproductive organs an organ transplant/donor CollocationsIllnessesBecoming ill catch a cold/​an infectious disease/​the flu/(British English) flu/​pneumonia/​a virus/(informal) a bug get (British English) ill/(North American English) sick/​a disease/​AIDS/​breast cancer/​a cold/​the flu/(British English) flu/​a migraine come down with a cold/​the flu/(British English) flu contract a deadly disease/​a serious illness/​HIV/​AIDS be infected with a virus/​a parasite/​HIV develop cancer/​diabetes/​a rash/​an ulcer/​symptoms of hepatitis have a heart attack/​a stroke provoke/​trigger/​produce an allergic reaction block/​burst/​rupture a blood vessel damage/​sever a nerve/​an artery/​a tendonBeing ill feel (British English) ill/​sick/​nauseous/​queasy be running (British English) a temperature/(North American English) a fever have a head cold/​diabetes/​heart disease/​lung cancer/​a headache/(British English) a high temperature/(North American English) a fever suffer from asthma/​malnutrition/​frequent headaches/​bouts of depression/​a mental disorder be laid up with/ (British English) be in bed with a cold/​the flu/(British English) flu/​a migraine nurse a cold/​a headache/​a hangover battle/​fight cancer/​depression/​addiction/​alcoholismTreatments examine a patient diagnose a condition/​disease/​disorder be diagnosed with cancer/​diabetes/​schizophrenia prescribe/​be given/​be on/​take drugs/​medicine/​medication/​pills/​painkillers/​antibiotics treat somebody for cancer/​depression/​shock have/​undergo an examination/​an operation/​surgery/​a kidney transplant/​therapy/​chemotherapy/​treatment for cancer have/​be given an injection/(British English) a flu jab/(North American English) a flu shot/​a blood transfusion/​a scan/​an X-ray cure a disease/​an ailment/​cancer/​a headache/​a patient prevent the spread of disease/​further outbreaks/​damage to the lungs be vaccinated against the flu/(British English) flu/​the measles/(British English) measles/​polio/​smallpox enhance/​boost/​confer/​build immunity to a disease
  2. 2 (especially humorous) a penis the male organ
  3. 3  (also pipe organ) a large musical instrument with keys like a piano. Sounds are produced by air forced through pipes. She plays the organ in church. organ music compare harmonium See related entries: Musical instruments
  4. 4a musical instrument similar to a pipe organ, but without pipes an electric organ see also barrel organ, mouth organ See related entries: Musical instruments
  5. 5(formal) an official organization that is part of a larger organization and has a special purpose the organs of government
  6. 6(formal) a newspaper or magazine that gives information about a particular group or organization; a means of communicating the views of a particular group The People's Daily is the official organ of the Chinese Communist Party. the organs of public opinion (= for example, newspapers, television, radio) See related entries: The press
  7. Word Origin late Old English, via Latin from Greek organon ‘tool, instrument, sense organ’, reinforced in Middle English by Old French organe.Extra examples He is waiting for a suitable donor organ. The colon is an important organ for the absorption of nutrients. The eyes are an important organ of balance. the central organs of state to preserve blood flow to the brain and the other vital organs to preserve blood flow to the vital organs
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: organ