Definition of over preposition from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//ˈəʊvə(r)//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈoʊvər//
    For the special uses of over in phrasal verbs, look at the entries for the verbs. For example get over something is in the phrasal verb section at get.
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  1. 1  resting on the surface of somebody/something and partly or completely covering them/it She put a blanket over the sleeping child. He wore an overcoat over his suit. She put her hand over her mouth to stop herself from screaming.
  2. 2  in or to a position higher than but not touching somebody/something; above somebody/something They held a large umbrella over her. The balcony juts out over the street. There was a lamp hanging over the table.
  3. 3  from one side of something to the other; across something a bridge over the river They ran over the grass. They had a wonderful view over the park.
  4. 4  on the far or opposite side of something He lives over the road.
  5. 5  so as to cross something and be on the other side She climbed over the wall.
  6. 6  falling from or down from a place The car had toppled over the cliff. He didn't dare look over the edge.
  7. 7  all over in or on all or most parts of something Snow is falling all over the country. They've travelled all over the world. There were papers lying around all over the place.
  8. 8  more than a particular time, amount, cost, etc. over 3 million copies sold She stayed in Lagos for over a month. He's over sixty.
  9. 9  used to show that somebody has control or authority She has only the director over her. He ruled over a great empire. She has editorial control over what is included.
  10. 10  during something We'll discuss it over lunch. Over the next few days they got to know the town well. She has not changed much over the years. He built up the business over a period of ten years. We're away over (= until after) the New Year.
  11. 11  past a particular difficult stage or situation We're over the worst of the recession. It took her ages to get over her illness.
  12. 12  because of or concerning something; about something an argument over money a disagreement over the best way to proceed
  13. 13  using something; by means of something We heard it over the radio. She wouldn't tell me over the phone.
  14. 14louder than something I couldn't hear what he said over the noise of the traffic.
  15. Word OriginOld English ofer, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch over and German über, from an Indo-European word (originally a comparative of the element represented by -ove in above) which is also the base of Latin super and Greek huper. Which Word?above / over Above and over can both be used to describe a position higher than something:They built a new room above/​over the garage. When you are talking about movement from one side of something to the other, you can only use over:They jumped over the stream. Over can also mean ‘covering’:He put a blanket over the sleeping child. Above and over can also mean ‘more than’. Above is used in relation to a minimum level or a fixed point:2 000 feet above sea level Temperatures will not rise above zero tonight. Over is used with numbers, ages, money and time:He’s over 50. It costs over £100. We waited over 2 hours.Idioms in addition to something There are other factors over and above those we have discussed.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: over