Definition of parenthesis noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//pəˈrenθəsɪs//
    ; NAmE NAmE//pəˈrenθəsɪs//
    (pl. parentheses
    BrE BrE//pəˈrenθəsiːz//
    ; NAmE NAmE//pəˈrenθəsiːz//
    Linguistic devices
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  1. 1a word, sentence, etc. that is added to a speech or piece of writing, especially in order to give extra information. In writing, it is separated from the rest of the text using brackets, commas or dashes. See related entries: Linguistic devices
  2. 2 (formal or North American English) (British English bracket, round bracket) [usually plural] either of a pair of marks, ( ) placed around extra information in a piece of writing or part of a problem in mathematics Irregular forms are given in parentheses.
  3. Word Originmid 16th cent.: via late Latin from Greek, from parentithenai ‘put in beside’.Extra examples I add, in parenthesis, that I doubt whether such a place exists. The numbers outside the parentheses are the sales figures. The prices are given in parentheses. The words in parentheses should be deleted. I should say, in parenthesis, that these figures cannot always be trusted.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: parenthesis

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