English

Definition of plane verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    plane

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//pleɪn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//pleɪn//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they plane
    BrE BrE//pleɪn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//pleɪn//
     
    he / she / it planes
    BrE BrE//pleɪnz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//pleɪnz//
     
    past simple planed
    BrE BrE//pleɪnd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//pleɪnd//
     
    past participle planed
    BrE BrE//pleɪnd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//pleɪnd//
     
    -ing form planing
    BrE BrE//ˈpleɪnɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈpleɪnɪŋ//
     
     
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  1. 1[transitive] to make a piece of wood smoother or flatter with a plane (4) plane something Plane the surface down first. plane something + adj. Then plane the wood smooth.
  2. 2[intransitive] (of a bird) to fly without moving the wings, especially high up in the air
  3. 3[intransitive] (of a boat, etc.) to move quickly across water, only just touching the surface The boat planed past in clouds of spray.
  4. Word Originverb sense 1 Middle English: from a variant of obsolete French plaine ‘planing instrument’, from late Latin plana (in the same sense), from Latin planare ‘make level’, from planus ‘plain, level’. verb senses 2 to 3 early 17th cent.: from Latin planum ‘flat surface’, neuter of the adjective planus ‘plain’. The adjective was suggested by French plan(e) ‘flat’. The word was introduced to differentiate the geometrical senses, previously expressed by plain, from its other meanings.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: plane