English

Definition of president noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    president

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//ˈprezɪdənt//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈprezɪdənt//
     
    University people, Job titles
     
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  1. 1  (also President) the leader of a republic, especially the US Several presidents attended the funeral. the President of the United States President Obama is due to visit the country next month. Do you have any comment, Mr President? Wordfindercaucus, congress, the Electoral College, House of Representatives, nomination, president, primary, running mate, senate, swing state CollocationsPoliticsPower create/​form/​be the leader of a political party gain/​take/​win/​lose/​regain control of Congress start/​spark/​lead/​be on the brink of a revolution be engaged/​locked in an internal power struggle lead/​form a rival/​breakaway faction seize/​take control of the government/​power bring down/​overthrow/​topple the government/​president/​regime abolish/​overthrow/​restore the monarchy establish/​install a military dictatorship/​a stable government be forced/​removed/​driven from office/​power resign/​step down as party leader/​an MP/​president/​prime minister enter/​retire from/​return to political lifePolitical debate spark/​provoke a heated/​hot/​intense/​lively debate engage in/​participate in/​contribute to (the) political/​public debate (on/​over something) get involved in/​feel excluded from the political process launch/​start/​lead/​spearhead a campaign/​movement join/​be linked with the peace/​anti-war/​feminist/​civil rights movement criticize/​speak out against/​challenge/​support the government lobby/​put pressure on the government (to do something) come under fire/​pressure from opposition partiesPolicy call for/​demand/​propose/​push for/​advocate democratic/​political/​land reform(s) formulate/​implement domestic economic policy change/​influence/​shape/​have an impact on government/​economic/​public policy be consistent with/​be in line with/​go against/​be opposed to government policy reform/​restructure/​modernize the tax system privatize/​improve/​deliver/​make cuts in public services invest (heavily) in/​spend something on schools/​education/​public services/(the) infrastructure nationalize the banks/​the oil industry promise/​propose/​deliver/​give ($80 billion in/​significant/​substantial/​massive) tax cuts a/​the budget is approved/ (especially North American English) passed by parliament/​congressMaking laws have a majority in/​have seats in Parliament/​Congress/​the Senate propose/​sponsor a bill/​legislation/​a resolution introduce/​bring in/​draw up/​draft/​adopt/​pass a bill/​a law/​legislation/​measures amend/​repeal an act/​a law/​legislation veto/​vote against/​oppose a bill/​legislation/​a measure/​a proposal/​a resolution get/​require/​be decided by a majority vote CulturepresidentThe President is the head of state of the US and is part of the executive branch of government. He (the President has so far always been a man) decides US policy on foreign affairs and is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. He can appoint heads of government departments and federal judges. Congress must ask the President to approve new laws, although it is possible to pass a law without the President's approval. Each year, the President gives a State of the Union Address to Congress. The President works in what may be the most famous office in the world, the Oval Office in the White House in Washington, DC.The Constitution requires that a president should be at least 35 years old, have been born as a citizen of the US and have lived in the US for at least 14 years. It is often said that the President is directly elected by the people, and this is true in comparison with countries like Britain where the Prime Minister is selected by Members of Parliament. In fact, although people vote for one of the candidates for President, an electoral college makes the final choice (note at elections). A president can serve a maximum of two terms (four years each).Americans have a lot of respect for the office of President, and they are shocked when the president is believed to have done something wrong or illegal. In such a case it is possible for Congress to impeach the President (= remove him from his job). Congress attempted to impeach President Richard Nixon during the Watergate scandal of the 1970s but he decided to resign before the impeachment process was completed. In 1999, President Bill Clinton was tried by the Senate after admitting that he had had a sexual relationship with Monica Lewinsky, having earlier denied it. Many Americans continued to support him and the Senate decided that he was not guilty of ‘high crimes and misdemeanours’ (= offences for which a person can be impeached).
  2. 2  (also President) the person in charge of some organizations, clubs, colleges, etc. to be made president of the students’ union She travels extensively in her role as President for the Save the Children Fund. See related entries: University people
  3. 3  (especially North American English) the person in charge of a bank or a commercial organization the bank president the president of Columbia Pictures See related entries: Job titles
  4. Word Origin late Middle English: via Old French from Latin praesident- ‘sitting before’, from praesidere ‘sit before’, from prae ‘before’ + sedere ‘sit’.Extra examples He was sworn in as President on August 31. In 2007 Raymonds was appointed (as) president of PSWA. She is president of the Irish Olympic Council. the president elect, Michael Roberts He was appointed as vice president of business development the following year. He was presented with an award by the local branch president. President Bush is due to visit the country next month. She is expected to have a meeting with the French president in Paris tomorrow. She travels extensively in her role as President of the Save the Children Fund. She was elected president of the student’s union. The figures were announced by the Central Bank president. The new constitution provides for a directly elected president. The term of the outgoing president expires in March. There have been moves to impeach the president.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: president