Definition of prime verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    prime

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//praɪm//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//praɪm//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they prime
    BrE BrE//praɪm//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//praɪm//
     
    he / she / it primes
    BrE BrE//praɪmz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//praɪmz//
     
    past simple primed
    BrE BrE//praɪmd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//praɪmd//
     
    past participle primed
    BrE BrE//praɪmd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//praɪmd//
     
    -ing form priming
    BrE BrE//ˈpraɪmɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈpraɪmɪŋ//
     
     
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  1. 1to prepare somebody for a situation so that they know what to do, especially by giving them special information synonym brief prime somebody (with something) They had been primed with good advice. prime somebody (for something) She was ready and primed for action. prime somebody to do something He had primed his friends to give the journalists as little information as possible.
  2. 2prime something to make something ready for use or action The bomb was primed, ready to explode.
  3. 3prime something to prepare wood, metal, etc. for painting by covering it with a special paint that helps the next layer of paint to stay on
  4. Word Originverb early 16th cent. (in the sense ‘fill, load’): origin uncertain; probably based on Latin primus ‘first’, since the sense expressed is a “first” operation prior to something else.Idioms to encourage the growth of a new or weak business or industry by putting money into it
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: prime