English

Definition of ration noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    ration

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//ˈræʃn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈræʃn//
     
     
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  1. 1[countable] a fixed amount of food, fuel, etc. that you are officially allowed to have when there is not enough for everyone to have as much as they want, for example during a war the weekly butter ration a ration book/card/coupon (= allowing you to claim your ration of something)
  2. 2rations [plural] a fixed amount of food given regularly to a soldier or to somebody who is in a place where there is not much food available We're on short rations (= allowed less than usual) until fresh supplies arrive. Once these latest rations run out, the country will again face hunger and starvation.
  3. 3[singular] ration (of something) an amount of something that is thought to be normal or fair As part of the diet, allow yourself a small daily ration of sugar. I've had my ration of problems for one day—you deal with it!
  4. Word Origin early 18th cent.: from French, from Latin ratio(n-) ‘reckoning, ratio’.Extra examples The guards are going to cut our rations again. The refugees queued up for their meagre rations of soup. They are living on starvation rations. We’ve been put on short rations. You’ve had your ration of chocolate for the day! our daily ration of bread I felt that my ration of luck was running out. I gave him my butter ration at breakfast one morning. a ration book/​card/​coupon
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: ration

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