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Definition of rationing noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

rationing

 noun
noun
BrE BrE//ˈræʃənɪŋ//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈræʃənɪŋ//
 
[uncountable]
 
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the policy of limiting the amount of food, fuel, etc. that people are allowed to have when there is not enough for everyone to have as much as they want The government may have to introduce water rationing. wartime rationing (= introduced during a war) credit rationing (= limiting the amount of money that people are allowed to borrow) The government introduced meat rationing in May. Culture Rationing was introduced in Britain and the US during both world wars, and continued after World War II in Britain for several years. People were given ration books which showed how much food, etc. they were allowed to buy each week. Many people grew extra food to feed their families and there was a black market (= illegal trade) in many goods.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: rationing

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