Definition of reciprocate verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    reciprocate

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//rɪˈsɪprəkeɪt//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈsɪprəkeɪt//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they reciprocate
    BrE BrE//rɪˈsɪprəkeɪt//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈsɪprəkeɪt//
     
    he / she / it reciprocates
    BrE BrE//rɪˈsɪprəkeɪts//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈsɪprəkeɪts//
     
    past simple reciprocated
    BrE BrE//rɪˈsɪprəkeɪtɪd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈsɪprəkeɪtɪd//
     
    past participle reciprocated
    BrE BrE//rɪˈsɪprəkeɪtɪd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈsɪprəkeɪtɪd//
     
    -ing form reciprocating
    BrE BrE//rɪˈsɪprəkeɪtɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈsɪprəkeɪtɪŋ//
     
     
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  1. 1[transitive, intransitive] to behave or feel towards somebody in the same way as they behave or feel towards you reciprocate something (with something) Her passion for him was not reciprocated. They wanted to reciprocate the kindness that had been shown to them. He smiled but his smile was not reciprocated. reciprocate (with something) I wasn't sure whether to laugh or to reciprocate with a remark of my own.
  2. 2[intransitive] (specialist) to move backwards and forwards in a straight line a reciprocating action
  3. Word Origin late 16th cent.: from Latin reciprocat- ‘moved backwards and forwards’, from the verb reciprocare, from reciprocus (based on re- ‘back’ + pro- ‘forward’).
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: reciprocate