Definition of recoil noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

BrE BrE//ˈriːkɔɪl//
; NAmE NAmE//ˈriːkɔɪl//
[uncountable, singular] a sudden movement backwards, especially of a gun when it is fired The recoil was so violent it almost tore the weapon from his grasp.
Word OriginMiddle English (denoting the act of retreating): from Old French reculer ‘move back’, based on Latin culus ‘buttocks’.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: recoil

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