to mention or speak about somebody/something The victims were not referred to by name. Her mother never referred to him again. You know who I'm referring to. She always referred to Ben as ‘that nice man’. I promised not to refer to the matter again. Synonymsmentionrefer to somebody/something speak cite quoteThese words all mean to write or speak about somebody/something, often in order to give an example or prove something.mention to write or speak about something/somebody, especially without giving much information:Nobody mentioned anything to me about it.refer to somebody/something (rather formal) to mention or speak about somebody/something:I promised not to refer to the matter again. speak to mention or describe somebody/something:Witnesses spoke of a great ball of flame.cite (formal) to mention something as a reason or an example, or in order to support what you are saying:He cited his heavy workload as the reason for his breakdown.quote to mention an example of something to support what you are saying:Can you quote me an instance of when this happened?cite or quote? You can cite reasons or examples, but you can only quote examples:He quoted his heavy workload as the reason for his breakdown. Cite is a more formal word than quote and is often used in more formal situations, for example in descriptions of legal cases.Patterns to mention/refer to/speak of/cite/quote somebody/something as somebody/something to mention/refer to/cite/quote a(n) example/instance/case of something frequently/often mentioned/referred to/spoken of/cited/quoted the example mentioned/referred to/cited/quoted above/earlier/previously
- 1 to describe or be connected to somebody/something The star refers to items which are intended for the advanced learner. The term ‘Arts’ usually refers to humanities and social sciences. This paragraph refers to the events of last year. The term ‘accent’ refers to pronunciation. The term ‘dialect’ refers to vocabulary and grammar. Language BankdefineDefining terms It is important to clarify what is meant by climate change. Climate change can/may be defined as ‘the long-term fluctuations in temperature, precipitation, wind and other aspects of the earth’s climate’. A generally accepted definition of global warming is the gradual increase in the overall temperature of the earth’s atmosphere due to the greenhouse effect. The greenhouse effect is defined by the author as the process by which heat from the sun is trapped in the earth’s atmosphere, causing the temperature of the earth to rise. The author uses the term climate change to refer to any significant change in measures of climate lasting for an extended period. The term ‘carbon footprint’ refers to the amount of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere as a result of the activities of an individual or organization. Scientists suggest that increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere will result in an increase in global temperatures, and the term ‘global warming’ is used to describe this phenomenon.
- 2 to look at something or ask a person for information synonym consult You may refer to your notes if you want. to refer to a dictionary
to send somebody/something to somebody/something for help, advice or a decision My doctor referred me to a specialist. The case was referred to the Court of Appeal. (formal) May I refer you to my letter of 14 May? More Like This Consonant-doubling verbs bob, club, dub, grab, rub, sob, throb kid, nod, pad, plod, prod, shred, skid, thud beg, blog, bug, drag, drug, flag, hug, jog, log, mug, nag, plug bar, confer, infer, occur, prefer, refer, star, stir, transfer acquit, admit, allot, chat, clot, commit, jut, knit, pat, regret, rot, spot, submit (in British English:) appal, cancel, channel, control, counsel, enrol, equal, excel, fuel, fulfil, label, level, marvel, model, pedal, quarrel, signal, travelSee worksheet.