Definition of republic noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

republic

 noun
noun
BrE BrE//rɪˈpʌblɪk//
 
; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈpʌblɪk//
 
 
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a country that is governed by a president and politicians elected by the people and where there is no king or queen newly independent republics the Republic of Ireland compare monarchy Word Origin late 16th cent.: from French république, from Latin respublica, from res ‘concern’ + publicus ‘of the people, public’.Extra examples They have declared themselves an independent democratic republic. a constitutional republic based on the principles of democracy the People’s Republic of China the breakaway republics of the former Soviet empire the former Yugoslav republics the year that Guyana became a socialist republic Mary McAleese was the President of the Republic of Ireland from 1997—2011. The tiny country has often been described as a banana republic. There have been protests in the former Soviet republic of Georgia. There were several small autonomous republics within the Russian Federation. There will be elections in the Czech Republic next month.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: republic