English

Definition of restrain verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    restrain

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//rɪˈstreɪn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈstreɪn//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they restrain
    BrE BrE//rɪˈstreɪn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈstreɪn//
     
    he / she / it restrains
    BrE BrE//rɪˈstreɪnz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈstreɪnz//
     
    past simple restrained
    BrE BrE//rɪˈstreɪnd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈstreɪnd//
     
    past participle restrained
    BrE BrE//rɪˈstreɪnd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈstreɪnd//
     
    -ing form restraining
    BrE BrE//rɪˈstreɪnɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈstreɪnɪŋ//
     
     
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  1. 1to stop somebody/something from doing something, especially by using physical force restrain somebody/something The prisoner had to be restrained by the police. He placed a restraining hand on her arm. restrain somebody/something from something/from doing something I had to restrain her from hitting out at passers-by. They have obtained an injunction restraining the company from selling the product.
  2. 2to stop yourself from feeling an emotion or doing something that you would like to do restrain something John managed to restrain his anger. I restrained the urge to punch him. restrain yourself (from something/from doing something) She had to restrain herself from crying out in pain. I was tempted to answer back, but I restrained myself.
  3. 3restrain something to stop something that is growing or increasing from becoming too large synonym bring/get/keep something under control The government is taking steps to restrain inflation.
  4. Word Origin Middle English: from Old French restreign-, stem of restreindre, from Latin restringere, from re- ‘back’ + stringere ‘to tie, pull tight’.Extra examples I barely restrained myself from hitting him. She could not restrain a flash of pride. She had to be physically restrained. The horse must be properly restrained in a location where it would not hurt itself. Economic growth first induced, then restrained population growth. He had to be forcibly restrained by team-mates. Morse placed a restraining hand on Lewis’s arm.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: restrain