English

Definition of retire verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    retire

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//rɪˈtaɪə(r)//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈtaɪər//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they retire
    BrE BrE//rɪˈtaɪə(r)//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈtaɪər//
     
    he / she / it retires
    BrE BrE//rɪˈtaɪəz//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈtaɪərz//
     
    past simple retired
    BrE BrE//rɪˈtaɪəd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈtaɪərd//
     
    past participle retired
    BrE BrE//rɪˈtaɪəd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈtaɪərd//
     
    -ing form retiring
    BrE BrE//rɪˈtaɪərɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//rɪˈtaɪərɪŋ//
     
    Old age
     
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    from job
  1. 1  [intransitive, transitive] to stop doing your job, especially because you have reached a particular age or because you are ill/sick; to tell somebody they must stop doing their job retire (from something) She was forced to retire early from teaching because of ill health. He is retiring next year after 30 years with the company. The company's official retiring age is 65. retire to something My dream is to retire to a villa in France. retire as something He has no plans to retire as editor of the magazine. retire somebody She was retired on medical grounds. Wordfinderapply, appoint, contract, dismiss, employ, job, pay, retire, work, workforce Wordfindercare home, dementia, frail, geriatric, mobility, the old, pensioner, retire, sprightly, widow See related entries: Old age
  2. in sport
  3. 2[intransitive] to stop competing during a game, race, etc., usually because you are injured retire (from something) She fell badly, spraining her ankle, and had to retire. + adj. He retired hurt in the first five minutes of the game.
  4. from/to a place
  5. 3[intransitive] (formal) to leave a place, especially to go somewhere quieter or more private The jury retired to consider the evidence. retire to something After dinner he likes to retire to his study.
  6. of army
  7. 4[intransitive] (formal) to move back from a battle in order to organize your soldiers in a different way
  8. go to bed
  9. 5[intransitive] (literary) to go to bed I retired late that evening.
  10. in baseball
  11. 6[transitive] retire somebody to make a player or team have to stop their turn at batting He retired twelve batters in a row.
  12. Word Origin mid 16th cent. (in the sense ‘withdraw to a place of safety or seclusion’): from French retirer, from re- ‘back’ + tirer ‘draw’.Extra examples As for me, I am quite ready to retire. He is hoping to retire early on medical grounds. He recently retired as CEO of the company. He recently retired as head teacher of their school. He was medically retired at the age of 55. I’m hoping to retire in about five years. In a few years, I’ll be eligible to retire. Most employees retire at 60. Mr McNeil is due to retire later this month. She recently retired from teaching. She retired from the bank last year. She simply couldn’t afford to retire at sixty. She’s on course to retire quite comfortably by the time she’s 55. a newly retired couple he officially retired from the day-to-day operations of his company. She has decided to retire from international tennis. The company’s official retiring age is 65.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: retire