English

Definition of roast verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    roast

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//rəʊst//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//roʊst//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they roast
    BrE BrE//rəʊst//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//roʊst//
     
    he / she / it roasts
    BrE BrE//rəʊsts//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//roʊsts//
     
    past simple roasted
    BrE BrE//ˈrəʊstɪd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈroʊstɪd//
     
    past participle roasted
    BrE BrE//ˈrəʊstɪd//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈroʊstɪd//
     
    -ing form roasting
    BrE BrE//ˈrəʊstɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈroʊstɪŋ//
     
    Ways of cooking, Anger
     
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  1. 1[transitive, intransitive] roast (something) to cook food, especially meat, without liquid in an oven or over a fire; to be cooked in this way to roast a chicken the smell of roasting meat CollocationsCookingPreparing prepare a dish/​a meal/​a menu/​dinner/​the fish weigh out 100g/4oz of sugar/​the ingredients wash/​rinse the lettuce/​spinach/​watercress chop/​slice/​dice the carrots/​onions/​potatoes peel the carrots/​onion/​potatoes/​garlic/​orange grate a carrot/​the cheese/​some nutmeg remove/​discard the bones/​seeds/​skin blend/​combine/​mix (together) the flour and water/​all the ingredients beat/​whisk the cream/​eggs/​egg whites knead/​shape/​roll (out) the doughCooking heat the oil in a frying pan preheat/​heat the oven/(British English) the grill/(North American English) the broiler bring to (British English) the boil/(North American English) a boil stir constantly/​gently with a wooden spoon reduce the heat simmer gently for 20 minutes/​until reduced by half melt the butter/​chocolate/​cheese/​sugar brown the meat for 8–20 minutes drain the pasta/​the water from the pot/​in a colander mash the potatoes/​banana/​avocadoWays of cooking cook food/​fish/​meat/​rice/​pasta/​a Persian dish bake (a loaf of) bread/​a cake/(especially North American English) cookies/(British English) biscuits/​a pie/​potatoes/​fish/​scones/​muffins boil cabbage/​potatoes/​an egg/​water fry/​deep-fry/​stir-fry the chicken/​vegetables grill meat/​steak/​chicken/​sausages/​a hot dog roast potatoes/​peppers/​meat/​chicken/​lamb sauté garlic/​mushrooms/​onions/​potatoes/​vegetables steam rice/​vegetables/​spinach/​asparagus/​dumplings toast bread/​nuts microwave food/​popcorn/(British English) a ready mealServing serve in a glass/​on a bed of rice/​with potatoes arrange the slices on a plate/​in a layer carve the meat/​lamb/​chicken/​turkey dress/​toss a salad dress with/​drizzle with olive oil/​vinaigrette top with a slice of lemon/​a scoop of ice cream/​whipped cream/​syrup garnish with a sprig of parsley/​fresh basil leaves/​lemon wedges/​a slice of lime/​a twist of orange sprinkle with salt/​sugar/​herbs/​parsley/​freshly ground black pepper See related entries: Ways of cooking
  2. 2[transitive, intransitive] roast (something) to cook nuts, beans, etc. in order to dry them and turn them brown; to be cooked in this way roasted chestnuts
  3. 3[transitive] roast somebody (informal or humorous) to be very angry with somebody; to criticize somebody strongly See related entries: Anger
  4. 4[intransitive, transitive] roast (something) (informal) to become or to make something become very hot in the sun or by a fire She could feel her skin beginning to roast.
  5. Word Origin Middle English: from Old French rostir, of West Germanic origin.Extra examples The smell of roasting meat came from the kitchen. We spent the evening round the fire, talking and roasting chestnuts. You should boil the potatoes for a little before you roast them. roast beef/​chicken/​potatoes/​parsnips roasted chestnuts/​coffee beans/​peanuts
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: roast