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Definition of Romani noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    Romani

     noun
    (also Romany) noun
    BrE BrE//ˈrɒməni//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈrɑːməni//
     
    ; BrE BrE//ˈrəʊməni//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈroʊməni//
     
    (pl. Romanies) Languages
     
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  1. 1[countable] a member of a race of people, originally from Asia, who traditionally travel around and live in caravans see also Roma, Gypsy CultureGypsiesGypsies are a people scattered through many countries. The name Gypsy comes from the word ‘Egyptian’ because Gypsies were once thought to have come from Egypt. Some people now believe that they originally came from India. In the US Gypsies are called Roma, and in Britain they are known as Romanies or travellers, although the name travellers is more often used for Irish travellers, a group in Britain who, like Gypsies, do not live in settled communities but travel about from place to place living in caravans. The traditional language of the Gypsies is Romani, and new words are made up from Romani elements rather than borrowed from English.Roma or Romanies, like many other minority groups, have a strong sense of pride in their identity. In Britain, they are sometimes treated with fear and suspicion by the rest of the population and are often forced to move on from places where they stop.Gypsies usually make money by selling new and second-hand goods. Some collect and sell scrap metal, while others do agricultural work. A few make a living from entertainment and singing. The women are known for selling clothes pegs, ‘lucky’ white heather (= a wild plant) or bunches of flowers. Many meet each year at the Appleby Horse Fair in Cumbria.Gypsies have always been associated with fortune-telling. They can be found at fairgrounds predicting people's future by reading their palms (= examining their hands) or looking into a crystal (= clear glass) ball. Because of the mystery associated with their origins and their magical powers, Gypsies have a popular romantic image that conflicts with the reality of families living on dirty caravan sites and being moved on by council officials or the police. Americans have little contact with Gypsies and think of the Roma only as exciting, mysterious people who wear brightly coloured clothes and gold jewellery and have unusual powers. The romantic image was taken up by the US striptease artist (= a woman who takes her clothes off for an audience), Rose Havoc, who called herself Gypsy Rose Lee on stage. In Britain a character called Mystic Meg used to appear on television each week, dressed in strange clothes and with an extravagant air of mystery, to predict the winners of the National Lottery.
  2. 2[uncountable] the language of Romani people See related entries: Languages
  3. Word Origin early 19th cent.: from Romany Romani, feminine and plural of the adjective Romano, from Rom ‘man, husband’.

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