English

Definition of scrape verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    scrape

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//skreɪp//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//skreɪp//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they scrape
    BrE BrE//skreɪp//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//skreɪp//
     
    he / she / it scrapes
    BrE BrE//skreɪps//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//skreɪps//
     
    past simple scraped
    BrE BrE//skreɪpt//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//skreɪpt//
     
    past participle scraped
    BrE BrE//skreɪpt//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//skreɪpt//
     
    -ing form scraping
    BrE BrE//ˈskreɪpɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈskreɪpɪŋ//
     
    Injuries
     
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    remove
  1. 1[transitive] to remove something from a surface by moving something sharp and hard like a knife across it scrape something (+ adv./prep.) She scraped the mud off her boots. We scraped away the top layer of wallpaper. scrape something + adj. The kids had scraped their plates clean.
  2. damage
  3. 2[transitive] to rub something by accident so that it gets damaged or hurt scrape something She fell and scraped her knee. scrape something + adv./prep. I scraped the side of my car on the wall. Sorry, I've scraped some paint off the car. The wire had scraped the skin from her fingers. See related entries: Injuries
  4. make sound
  5. 3[intransitive, transitive] to make an unpleasant noise by rubbing against a hard surface; to make something do this (+ adv./prep.) I could hear his pen scraping across the paper. Bushes scraped against the car windows. We could hear her scraping away at the violin. scrape something (+ adv./prep.) Don't scrape your chairs on the floor.
  6. win with difficulty
  7. 4[transitive, intransitive] scrape (something) to manage to win or to get something with difficulty The team scraped a narrow victory last year. (British English) I just scraped a pass in the exam. They scraped a living by playing music on the streets. The government scraped home (= just won) by three votes.
  8. make hole in ground
  9. 5[transitive] scrape something (out) to make a hole or hollow place in the ground He found a suitable place, scraped a hole and buried the bag in it.
  10. pull hair back
  11. 6[transitive] scrape your hair back to pull your hair tightly back, away from your face Her hair was scraped back from her face in a ponytail.
  12. Word Origin Old English scrapian ‘scratch with the fingernails’, of Germanic origin, reinforced in Middle English by Old Norse skrapa or Middle Dutch schrapen ‘to scratch’.Extra examples He scraped the car against the garage wall. Her hair was scraped back from her face. I scraped my elbow on the wall as I cycled past. I scraped the carrots with a knife. I scraped the dirt off. Patrick lifted the gate to prevent it from scraping along the ground. She carefully scraped away the top layer of paint. The Conservatives managed to scrape through to an election victory. The wood had been scraped clean. Sorry, I’ve scraped some paint off the car.Idioms (disapproving) to be too polite to an important person in order to gain their approval She was beginning to tire of all their bowing and scraping.
    scrape (the bottom of) the barrel
     
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    (disapproving) to have to use whatever things or people you can get, because there is not much choice available
    Phrasal Verbsscrape by (on something)scrape inscrape somethingoutscrape throughscrape up something
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: scrape