Definition of sector noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary



    BrE BrE//ˈsektə(r)//
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈsektər//
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  1. 1  a part of an area of activity, especially of a country’s economy the manufacturing sector service-sector jobs (= in hotels, restaurants, etc.) CollocationsThe economyManaging the economy handle/​run/​manage the economy boost investment/​spending/​employment/​growth stimulate demand/​the economy/​industry cut/​reduce investment/​spending/​borrowing reduce/​curb/​control/​keep down inflation create/​fuel growth/​demand/​a boom/​a bubble encourage/​foster/​promote/​stimulate/​stifle innovation/​competition encourage/​work with/​compete with the private sector increase/​boost/​promote US/​agricultural exports ban/​restrict/​block cheap/​foreign imports the economy grows/​expands/​shrinks/​contracts/​slows (down)/recovers/​improves/​is booming enjoy an economic/​housing/​property boomEconomic problems push up/​drive up prices/​costs/​inflation damage/​hurt/​destroy industry/​the economy cause/​lead to/​go into/​avoid/​escape recession experience/​suffer a recession/​downturn fight/​combat inflation/​deflation/​unemployment cause/​create inflation/​poverty/​unemployment create/​burst a housing/​stock market bubble cause/​trigger a stock market crash/​the collapse of the banking system face/​be plunged into a financial/​an economic crisis be caught in/​experience cycles of boom and bustPublic finance cut/​reduce/​slash/​increase/​double the defence/(especially US English) defense/​education/​aid budget increase/​boost/​slash/​cut public spending increase/​put up/​raise/​cut/​lower/​reduce taxes raise/​cut/​lower/​reduce interest rates ease/​loosen/​tighten monetary policy balance the (state/​federal) budget achieve/​maintain a balanced budget run a ($4 trillion) budget deficit/​surplus see also private sector, public sector, third sector
  2. 2  a part of a particular area, especially an area under military control each sector of the war zone
  3. 3 (geometry) a part of a circle lying between two straight lines drawn from the centre to the edge
  4. Word Originlate 16th cent. (in sense (3)): from late Latin, a technical use of Latin sector ‘cutter’, from sect- ‘cut off’, from the verb secare.Extra examples Berlin was divided into four sectors after the war. He went on to a successful career in the private sector. The survey covers a wide range of industry sectors. employment opportunities in the higher education sector the chronic underfunding of the education sector Increased state investment will lead to more job opportunities in the manufacturing sector. Most of the gas will come from the Norwegian sector of the North Sea. Public sector institutions have much to learn from private sector companies. The largest growth has been in the service sector. The majority of the population are employed in the tertiary sector. The partition of the city meant that members of the same family were living in different sectors. the manufacturing/​service sector
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: sector