English

Definition of segregation noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    segregation

     noun
    noun
    BrE BrE//ˌseɡrɪˈɡeɪʃn//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˌseɡrɪˈɡeɪʃn//
     
    [uncountable] (formal) Race, Social justice
     
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  1. 1the act or policy of separating people of different races, religions or sexes and treating them in a different way racial/religious segregation segregation by age and sex CollocationsRace and immigrationPrejudice and racism experience/​encounter racism/​discrimination/​prejudice/​anti-semitism face/​suffer persecution/​discrimination fear/​escape from/​flee racial/​political/​religious persecution constitute/​be a form of racial/​race discrimination reflect/​reveal/​show/​have a racial/​cultural bias be biased/​be prejudiced against (especially British English) black people/(both especially North American English) people of color/​African Americans/​Asians/​Africans/​Indians, etc. discriminate against minority groups/​minorities perpetuate/​conform to/​fit/​defy a common/​popular/​traditional/​negative stereotype overcome/​be blinded by deep-seated/​racial/(especially North American English) race prejudice entrench/​perpetuate racist attitudes hurl/​shout (especially British English) racist abuse; (especially North American English) a racist/​racial/​ethnic slur challenge/​confront racism/​discrimination/​prejudice combat/​fight (against)/tackle blatant/​overt/​covert/​subtle/​institutional/​systemic racismRace and society damage/​improve (especially British English) race relations practise/ (especially US English) practice (racial/​religious) tolerance/​segregation bridge/​break down/​transcend cultural/​racial barriers encourage/​promote social integration outlaw/​end discrimination/​slavery/​segregation promote/​embrace/​celebrate cultural diversity conform to/​challenge/​violate (accepted/​established/​prevailing/​dominant) social/​cultural norms live in a multicultural society attack/​criticize multiculturalism fight for/​struggle for/​promote racial equality perpetuate/​reinforce economic and social inequality introduce/​be for/​be against (British English) positive discrimination/(especially North American English) affirmative action support/​be active in/​play a leading role in the civil rights movementImmigration control/​restrict/​limit/​encourage immigration attract/​draw a wave of immigrants assist/​welcome refugees house/​shelter refugees and asylum seekers smuggle illegal immigrants into the UK deport/​repatriate illegal immigrants/​failed asylum seekers assimilate/​integrate new immigrants employ/​hire migrant workers exploit/​rely on (cheap/​illegal) immigrant labour/(especially US English) labor apply for/​gain/​obtain/​be granted/​be denied (full) citizenship have/​hold dual citizenship Culture In the US, the policy of segregation, especially in the southern states, denied African Americans their rights and forced them to use separate schools, restaurants, hotels, cinemas, etc. from those used by white people. As a result of the civil rights movement, laws were passed in the 1950s and 1960s which greatly reduced segregation in US society. This process is called desegregation or 'integration'. see also bussing See related entries: Race, Social justice
  2. 2(formal) the act of separating people or things from a larger group the segregation of smokers and non-smokers in restaurants
  3. Word Origin mid 16th cent.: from late Latin segregatio(n-), from the verb segregare, from se- ‘apart’ + grex, greg- ‘flock’.Extra examples Partitions provided a segregation between the smoking and non-smoking areas of the canteen. segregation between students of different ethnic groups segregation by race to bring an end to sex segregation within the school Segregation by sex and age is relatively common in these societies. The social structure was based on the policy of racial segregation.
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: segregation