English

Definition of sentence verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

 

sentence

 verb
verb
BrE BrE//ˈsentəns//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈsentəns//
 
Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they sentence
BrE BrE//ˈsentəns//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈsentəns//
 
he / she / it sentences
BrE BrE//ˈsentənsɪz//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈsentənsɪz//
 
past simple sentenced
BrE BrE//ˈsentənst//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈsentənst//
 
past participle sentenced
BrE BrE//ˈsentənst//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈsentənst//
 
-ing form sentencing
BrE BrE//ˈsentənsɪŋ//
 
; NAmE NAmE//ˈsentənsɪŋ//
 
 
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[often passive] sentence somebody (to something) | sentence somebody to do something to say officially in court that somebody is to receive a particular punishment to be sentenced to death/life imprisonment/three years in prison Word Origin Middle English (in the senses ‘way of thinking, opinion’, ‘court's declaration of punishment’, and ‘gist (of a piece of writing)’): via Old French from Latin sententia ‘opinion’, from sentire ‘feel, be of the opinion’.Extra examples He was sentenced to two years in prison. The judge sentenced her to life imprisonment. They had been sentenced for murder. to be sentenced to death/​life imprisonment/​three years in prison
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: sentence