a member of a Native American people, many of whom now live in the US state of Oklahoma Culture The Shawnee first settled in the Ohio Valley as farmers who also hunted. Tecumseh tried to unite them to defend their land against white people but failed. The Shawnees were then moved to the Indian Territory. Word Originthe name in Delaware. Delaware is either of two Algonquian languages (Munsi and Unami), both now extinct.