Definition of Sinn Fein noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary


Sinn Fein

BrE BrE//ˌʃɪn ˈfeɪn//
; NAmE NAmE//ˌʃɪn ˈfeɪn//
[uncountable + singular or plural verb]
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an Irish political party that wants Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland to become one country Word Originfrom Irish sinn féin ‘we ourselves’. Culture Sinn Fein was established in 1902 with the aim of making Ireland independent. Many of its members left to join Fianna Fáil when it was formed in 1926. Those who stayed in Sinn Fein continued to support the idea that Northern Ireland should become part of the Republic of Ireland. Sinn Fein has been criticized for being connected to the IRA, and some of its members were put in prison in Northern Ireland, or refused permission to enter Britain. In the 1990s Sinn Fein was one of the groups responsible for the IRA ceasefire (= a period during which there is no fighting) and the peace discussions between the governments which were involved. The name means 'we ourselves' in Irish Gaelic. Sinn Fein is now represented in the Northern Ireland Assembly and it has several ministers in the devolved Northern Ireland Executive. It also has members in the parliament of the Republic of Ireland. Sinn Fein MPs elected to the House of Commons in Westminster do not take up their seats.