Definition of sleep verb from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

      

    sleep

     verb
    verb
    BrE BrE//sliːp//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//sliːp//
     
    Verb Forms present simple I / you / we / they sleep
    BrE BrE//sliːp//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//sliːp//
     
    he / she / it sleeps
    BrE BrE//sliːps//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//sliːps//
     
    past simple slept
    BrE BrE//slept//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//slept//
     
    past participle slept
    BrE BrE//slept//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//slept//
     
    -ing form sleeping
    BrE BrE//ˈsliːpɪŋ//
     
    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈsliːpɪŋ//
     
     
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  1. 1  [intransitive] (+ adv./prep.) to rest with your eyes closed and your mind and body not active to sleep well/deeply/soundly/badly I couldn't sleep because of the noise. I had to sleep on the sofa. He slept solidly for ten hours. I slept at my sister's house last night (= stayed the night there). We both slept right through (= were not woken up by) the storm. She only sleeps for four hours a night. We sometimes sleep late at the weekends (= until late in the morning). I put the sleeping baby down gently. What are our sleeping arrangements here (= where shall we sleep)? Wordfinderdoze, dream, drowsy, insomnia, oversleep, REM, sedative, sleep, soporific, tired It is more common to say that somebody is asleep than to say that somebody is sleeping. Sleep can only be used in the passive with a preposition such as in or on:It was clear her bed hadn't been slept in. Synonymssleepdoze nap snoozeThese words all mean to rest with your eyes closed and your mind and body not active.sleep to rest with your eyes shut and your mind and body not active:Did you sleep well? I couldn’t sleep last night. It is more usual to say that somebody is asleep than that they are sleeping; but if you use an adverb to say how they are sleeping, use sleeping:‘What’s Ashley doing?’ ‘Sh! She’s asleep.’ The baby was sleeping peacefully. The baby was asleep peacefully.doze to sleep lightly, waking up easily, often when you are not in bed:He was dozing in front of the TV.nap to sleep for a short time, especially during the day.snooze (informal) to sleep lightly for a short time, especially during the day and usually not in bed:My brother was snoozing on the sofa.Patterns to sleep/​doze lightly/​fitfully to doze/​snooze gently
  2. 2[transitive, no passive] sleep somebody to have enough beds for a particular number of people The apartment sleeps six. The hotel sleeps 120 guests.
  3. Word Origin Old English slēp, slǣp (noun), slēpan, slǣpan (verb), of Germanic origin; related to Dutch slapen and German schlafen.Extra examples Did you sleep well last night? He was exhausted and slept deeply. I couldn’t sleep so I got up and went downstairs. I had to sleep on my back for the first few days after the accident. I haven’t slept properly for weeks. I only slept for four hours that night. I’ve been having trouble sleeping lately. Let them sleep late on Saturday morning if they want to. She always slept very lightly so I had to be careful not to wake her. She felt as if she had hardly slept. She scolded him for sleeping so long. She slept right through the storm. The children were all sleeping soundly. Very few babies sleep through the night. We can at least sleep easy at night, knowing that we are safe. We had to have our dog put to sleep. We slept overnight at the beach. When the murderer is caught we can all sleep easier in our beds at night. You must be very tired. Try to sleep a little. You should always put babies to sleep on their backs. the problem of young people who sleep rough in the streets Be quiet—I’m trying to sleep! Good night, sleep tight. He ended up sleeping rough on the streets of London. He had to sleep on the sofa. He lay there for hours, sleeping fitfully. He slept soundly that night. Her bed hadn’t been slept in. I slept late , and didn’t hear the news till midday. I usually sleep like a log. Jody was sleeping like a baby. John slept deeply that night and woke up refreshed. Let her sleep—it’ll do her good. No, I slept pretty badly. She couldn’t sleep a wink. She hardly slept at all the following night. She slept at her sister’s house last night. She slept solidly for ten hours. She usually sleeps lightly. The baby was sleeping peacefully. We can all sleep more easily now.Idioms (saying) to avoid mentioning a subject or something that happened in the past, in order to avoid any problems or arguments (British English) to live or sleep outdoors, usually because you have no home and no money young people sleeping rough on the streets
    not get/have a wink of sleep, not sleep a wink
     
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    to not be able to sleep I didn't get a wink of sleep last night. I hardly slept a wink.
    (informal) to sleep very well (informal) used especially to children before they go to bed to say that you hope they sleep well Goodnight, sleep tight!
    Phrasal Verbssleep aroundsleep insleep somethingoffsleep on somethingsleep oversleep together
See the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary entry: sleep